California State University, Long Beach
PPA-525 – Tuesdays
Presented to: Dr. Sundstrom
December 4, 2012
Overview of the nonprofit sector
The nonprofit sector is the collective name used to describe institutions and organizations in American society that are neither government nor business. (“What is the Nonprofit”, n.d.) Outside the United States, nonprofits are often called nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) or civil society organizations. (Campbell, 1987) However within nonprofit organizations there are other names which emphasize the characteristics that distinguish nonprofits. Essentially they are categorized as: voluntary sector to acknowledge the importance of volunteers and voluntary action, independent sector to distinguish nonprofits from business and government, and social sector to underscore how the activities of nonprofits enhance the social fabric of our country. (Anheier & Seibel, 1990) Nonprofit organizations, unlike businesses do not exist to make money for owners or investors; instead these groups are dedicated to a specific mission. There are currently more than 1.6 million organizations. (McSween, n.d.) About one million of them are public charities that employ over seven percent of the country's work force, close to 10 million paid workers. (“What is the Nonprofit”, n.d.) Careers in nonprofit management
Nonprofit institutions play an important role in community life and are an integral part of the economic, political, and social structure of our nation. The nonprofit’s primary goal s is to advance, advocate, or pursue a cause central to the organization’s existence and mission. Workdays in nonprofit organizations are often long, with financial rewards not always matching effort or responsibility. (King, 2000) Furthermore, many nonprofits face a continual crisis of resources. The size, diversity, and activity of nonprofit organizations have grown dramatically over the past decade as a result of government efforts to "privatize" services and programs. (Everett, 1999) This sector employs approximately 12.5 million people, expends $120 billion in annual personnel costs, and represents $340 billion in total annual budget outlays. (Lauber & Atkin, 2006) The nonprofit sector offers multiple employment options for Master’s or Bachelor’s degree graduates. Examples of job titles include: Assistant Director of Fundraising, Program Analyst, Program Director, Program Officer, Marketing/Research Associate, Director, Community Outreach Coordinator, Finance Director, Director of Information Systems and Director of Public Relations.(Otting, 2007) Some of the primary job functions can include working with a Board of Directors, public and community groups, fundraising, media, clients and other nonprofit organizations. (Non-profit career roadmaps, n.d.) With a multitude of areas available to find a career in there are also a plethora of specializations in the nonprofit employment sector. These specializations includes 41.9% for health services, 21.9% for education/research, 18.3% for social and legal services, 11.8% for religious organizations, 3.9% for civic, social, and fraternal organizations, 1.9% for arts and culture, and 0.3% for foundations. ("International careers guide:" 2006) Nonprofit management is an increasing and dynamic career field characterized by the growth of new organizations and new programs developed to improve the human condition. Furthermore, the outsourcing of previously government managed-programs to the nonprofit sector continues to serve as a catalyst for new positions. Finally, finding a career in the nonprofit sector can be rewarding in both monetary and personal benefits as we see an increase in this third sector. Introduction of VTC Enterprises
VTC Enterprises is a Santa Maria based non-profit organization providing quality products and services to the local business community and training and...