The English Civil War
1A. one of the reasons for the outbreak of the civil war was that the English style prayer books were issued to St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh. Charles did this to try and strengthen his religion north of the border. The reaction to this from the Presbyterian Scotland was terrible, they staged a massive riot. This riot stared a full scale revolt in Calvinist Scotland. An army was formed by Alexander Leslie and went into England. The king tried to raise an army but the puritans of England didn’t want to fight the Calvinists. So he called parliament to ask for money, but they said no.
1B. A different reason was the Irish rebellion. The Irish catholic had been treated badly for sometime by the Scottish/English settlers who took all the good land and treated them bad. But when Strafford the governor of Ireland died they rose up because they thought they were at the mercy of the puritan parliament because Strafford had been the only one who had tried to protect them. the king was in Scotland when he heard this so he travelled down to ask parliament for an army but they said no because he would use it to destroy parliament.
1C.another reason was that Charles ordered that everyone in the country should pay Ship Money. This was historically a tax paid by coastal towns and villages to pay for the upkeep of the navy. The logic was that coastal areas most benefited from the navy's protection. Charles decided that everyone in the England benefited from the navy's protection and that everyone should pay. Lots of people refused although Charles said that he needed it because the country was in ‘a time of national danger’
1D.The next reason was the divine right of kings. The divine right of kings is the theory that a king is appointed by god. This means that kings should be allowed to rule as they liked, taking no view of the wants of his people or for the better of his kingdom. Charles did this for eleven years this was called ‘the eleven years...
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