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Real world cyber crime cases

This document is an extract from the book Cyber Crime & Digital Evidence – Indian Perspective authored by Rohas Nagpal. This book is available as courseware for the Diploma in Cyber Law and PG Program in Cyber Law conducted by Asian School of Cyber Laws

www.asianlaws.org

Cyber Crime & Digital Evidence – Indian Perspective

23. Real World Cases
This chapter serves as a ready reference guide. First the various scenarios are covered. A detailed discussion on the various cyber crimes, is covered in the ASCL publication titled “Understanding Hackers and Cyber Criminals”. This is provided as official courseware for the ASCL Certified Cyber Crime Investigator course. Then the applicable law and legal liabilities are covered. Then the modus operandi usually followed by the criminals is discussed. The investigation guidelines for cyber crime investigators are not discussed in this book as they are part of the syllabus of the ASCL Certified Cyber Crime Investigator course only. For real world case studies on investigation of cyber crimes, please refer to the ASCL publication titled “Case Studies on Cyber Crime Investigation”. This is provided as official courseware for the ASCL Certified Cyber Crime Investigator course.

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© 2008 Rohas Nagpal. All rights reserved.

Cyber Crime & Digital Evidence – Indian Perspective

23.1 Orkut Fake Profile cases
Orkut.com is a very popular online community and social networking website. Orkut users can search for and interact with people who share the same hobbies and interests. They can create and join a wide variety of online communities. The profiles of Orkut members are publicly viewable. The scenarios 1. A fake profile of a woman is created on Orkut. The profile displays her correct name and contact information (such as address, residential phone number, cell phone number etc). Sometimes it even has her photograph. The problem is that the profile describes her as a prostitute or a woman of “loose character” who wants to have sexual relations with anyone. Other Orkut members see this profile and start calling her at all hours of the day asking for sexual favours. This leads to a lot of harassment for the victim and also defames her in society. 2. An online hate community is created. This community displays objectionable information against a particular country, religious or ethnic group or even against national leaders and historical figures. 3. A fake profile of a man is created on Orkut. The profile contains defamatory information abut the victim (such as his alleged sexual weakness, alleged immoral character etc) The law Scenario 1: Section 67 of Information Technology Act and section 509 of the Indian Penal Code. Scenario 2: Section 153A and 153B of Indian Penal Code. Scenario 3: Section 500 of Indian Penal Code. Who is liable? Scenario 1: Directors of Orkut as well as all those who create and update the fake profile. Scenario 2: Same as Scenario 1. Scenario 3: Same as Scenario 1.

© 2008 Rohas Nagpal. All rights reserved.

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Cyber Crime & Digital Evidence – Indian Perspective

The motive Scenario 1: Jealousy or revenge (e.g. the victim may have rejected the advances made by the suspect). Scenario 2: Desire to cause racial hatred (e.g. Pakistani citizens creating an anti-India online community). Scenario 3: Hatred (e.g. a school student who has failed may victimize his teachers). Modus Operandi 1. The suspect would create a free Gmail account using a fictitious name. 2. The email ID chosen by him would be unrelated to his real identity. 3. The suspect would then login to Orkut.com and create the offensive profile.

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© 2008 Rohas Nagpal. All rights reserved.

Cyber Crime & Digital Evidence – Indian Perspective

23.2 Email Account Hacking
Emails are increasingly being used for social interaction, business communication and online transactions. Most email account holders do not take basic precautions to...
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