Reaction Paper

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Leader:
Feliciano, Marion Joelle

Members:
Alano, Angelica
Amante, Kimberly
Camacho, Trinidad
Campo, Crio
Delos Santos, Nina
Dimatulac, Christine Joy
Feliciano, Marion Joelle
Sagun, Agnes

1SPED2| Article VI: Legislative Department|

Contents
Section 1: Legislative Department5
Legislative Power5
Law5
Congress of the Philippines5
Bicameralism5
TYPES5
Advantages6
Disadvantages6
Scope of Legislative Power of Congress6
Classification of Powers6
Principle on Separation of Powers7
Principle of Check and Balances7
Section 2-4: The Senate8
THE SENATE8
MEANING OF REGISTERED VOTER AND RESIDENCE9
Section 5 – 7: The House of Representatives10
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES11
APPORTIONMENT OF ELECTED REPRESENATIVES12
Section 8 & 9: Kinds of Election12
KINDS OF ELECTION FOR MEMBERS OF CONGRESS12
Section 10: Salaries of Congress Members12
Section 11: Freedom of Congress Members13
Freedom from arrest of members of Congress.13
Freedom from being questioned for speech and debate.13
Section 12: Disclosure of Financial and business interests, and potential conflict of interests14
Disclosure of financial and business interests, and potential conflict of interest.14
Section 13: Disqualification to hold any other office or employment14
Disqualification to hold any other office or employment.15
Section 14: Fiduciary position of members15
Section 15: Sessions of Congress16
Section 16: Officers of Congress16
MEANING OF LEGISLATIVE JOURNAL18
PURPOSE OF JOURNAL KEEPING REQUIREMENT18
Section 17-19: Electoral Tribunal and Commission on Appointments in Congress18
Electoral Tribunal19
Commission on Appointments in Congress20
Section 20: Records of Congress open to public20
Section 21: Power of Legislative inquiry and investigation21
Section 22: Appearance of Department Heads22
Section 23: Power of Congress (State of War)22
War Contemplated22
Section 24: Appropriations Bill23
Kinds23
Section 25: Budgets & Funds24
What is Budget?24
Submission of Proposed budget24
Increase in appropriation24
Main restriction: RIDERS25
Objective of the Constitution25
Requirements: Special Appropriations bill26
Requirements: a balanced budget26
Prohibition againts transfer of funds26
Rule to discretionary funds27
Section 26: Limitations of Congress power27
Section 27: Bill and Statute29
Meaning of bill29
Meaning of Statute29
Formal parts of a law29
When bill may become a law.29
VETO power of the president30
Purpose of veto30
Pocket veto not allowed30
When partial veto allowed30
Meaning of resolution30
Uses of resolutions30
Kinds of resolutions30
Section 28: Taxation31
Uniformity in Taxation31
Equity in Taxation32
Progressive System32
Exemption of certain entities and properties from property taxes32
Votes required for grant of tax exemption32
SECTION 29: Power of Appropriation33
THE POWER OF APPROPRIATION33
MEANING OF APPROPRIATION MADE BY LAW34
Section 30: Jurisdiction of supreme court34
Law increasing jurisdiction of Supreme Court34
Appellate Jurisdiction34
Original Jurisdiction35
Section 31: Title of Royalty or Nobility35
Prohibition againts granting title of royalty/nobility35
Section 32: Initiative and Referendum35
Referendum36
Congress to provide a system of initiative and referendum.36
Reserve legislative power of the people36
References37

Section 1: Legislative Department
The legislative power shall be vested in the Congress of the Philippines which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives, except to the extent reserved to the people by the provision on initiative and referendum. Legislative Power

Legislative power is essentially the authority under the Constitution to make laws and subsequently, when the need arises, to alter and repeal them. Law
The term...
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