Rationale , Pros and Cons of the Dual Law Enforcement System

Topics: United States, United States Constitution, State court Pages: 3 (899 words) Published: July 26, 2010
The Criminal Justice System
“The judicial system of the United States is unique in so far as it is actually made up of two different court systems, the Federal Court System and the State Court System”. ( United States Courts). “The U. S. Constitution created a governmental structure for the United States known as Federalism. The Constitution gives certain powers to the federal government and reserves the res for the states.. The Constitution states that the governments is supreme with regard to those powers expressly or implicitly delegated to it, the states remain supreme in matters reserved for them”. (United States Courts). “The Federal Court System refers to two types of courts, an Article III court, thes courts were derived from Article III of the U.S. Constitution. These courts include U.S. District Courts, and U. S. Circuit Courts of Appeals and U.S. Supreme Court. They also include two special courts, the U.S. Court of Claims and the U.S. Court of International Trade. These courts are special because unlike other courts, they are not courts of a general jurisdiction. Courts of a general jurisdiction can hear almost any case. All judges are of Article III courts and are appointed by the President of the United States with the consent and advice of the Senat and hold office during good behavior”. ( United States Courts). The second type of courts established by Congress. They are the Magistrate Courts, Bankruptcy Courts, the U.S. Court of Military Appeals, the U. S. Tax Courts, and the U.S. Courts of Veterans Affairs. The judges are appointed by the President of the United States with the consent and advice of the U.S. Congress, and they hold office for a set number of years usually about 15 years for Magistrate and Bankruptcy Courts and are attached to each U.S. District Court. The U.S Court of Military Appeals, the U.S. Tax Courts and U.S. Courts of Veteran Appeals are called Article I Courts or legislative courts”. ( United Stats Courts). “The...
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