Rani Lakshmibai

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Rani Lakshmibai
Lakshmi Bai, the Rani of Jhansi (c. 19 November 1835 – 18 June 1858)[1] (Marathi- झाशीची राणी लक्ष्मीबाई) was the queen of the Maratha-ruled princely state of Jhansi, situated in the north-central part of India. She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and a symbol of resistance to the rule of the British East India Company in thesubcontinent.

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Childhood

Lakshmi Bai was born on 19th November 1835 in the holy town of Kashi into a brahmin family. She was named Manikarnika and was nicknamed Manu.[2] Her father was Moropant Tambe and her mother Bhagirathibai Tambe. Her parents hailed from Maharashtra.[3] Her mother died when she was four. Her father worked for a court Peshwaof Bithoor district. The Peshwa brought her up like his own daughter. The Peshwa called her as "Chhabili". The meaning of Chabili is light-heartedness. She was given education at home. She was more independent in her childhood than others of her age. She studied archery, horsemanship, self-defence. Tatya Tope, was her mentor. Lakshmibai was married to the Maharaja of Jhansi, Raja Gangadhar Rao, in 1842. After her marriage she was called Lakshmibai. The Raja was very friendly to her. She[4] gave birth to a boy named Damodar Rao in 1851. However, the child died when it was four months old. After the death of their son, the Raja and Rani of Jhansi adopted a child Anand Rao. Anand Rao was the son of Gangadhar Rao's cousin, and was renamed as Damodar Rao. Because Damodar Rao was adopted, the British East India Company, under Governor-General Lord Dalhousie, applied the Doctrine of Lapse, rejecting Rao's claim to the throne and annexing the state to its territories. In March 1854, Lakshmibai was given a pension of Rs. 60,000 and ordered to leave the palace and the fort.

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First War of Independence in...
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