NRS 433 V
February 26, 2011
Research Review: A Qualitative Study of Patient Needs and Preferences at Discharge following an AMI Introduction
Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of deaths worldwide and is responsible for one-third of all deaths in the United States (Scrutinio, Temporelli, Passantino, & Giannuzzi, 2009). Inpatient interventions are utilized to improve quality of life and reduce the risk of future myocardial infarctions (MI); however, the delivery of education following an MI plays a huge role in determining whether patients are successful with recovery (Pattenden, Watt, Lewin, & Stanford, 2002). Deciding how a patient prefers follow-up contact after discharge and the type of information needed is an important factor in patient care and outpatient care management following an MI (Hanssen, Nordrehaug, & Hanestad, 2005). This research review will discuss a recent study on patient information needs and how they would prefer to receive follow-up contact after hospital discharge. This will include the purpose of the study, the study design and variables and a constructive critique. Purpose of Study
The research article that will be reviewed is titled "A qualitative study of the information needs of acute myocardial infarction patients and their preferences for follow-up contact after discharge," authored by Hanestad, Hanssen and Nordrehaug. This study was performed based on claims that patients had unmet informational needs after having an MI. Although patients receive inpatient education, it is given during a time when they may not be able to retain this information. This could be related to the emotional stress caused by the MI or potentially due to the severity of the physical complications of the MI (White, Bissell, & Anderson, 2010). This study focuses on the support given to patients...