This exam covers all material covered in readings and class lectures/activities. The chapters from the Lucas text covered on this exam are: 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, and 14. Remember items may be included on the exam even if they were not specifically identified on this study guide. The exam is worth 100 points and will consist of both multiple choice, true/false, and short answer questions. The aim is to test your comprehension of the material covered in class more than your memorization of terms.
The exam will begin promptly at the beginning of class on
THURSDAY, FEBRURARY 23rd
What are the similarities and differences between public speaking and conversation? • Similarities
o Organizing you thoughts logically
o Tailoring your message to your audience
o Telling a story for maximum impact
o Adapting to listener feedback
o Public speaking highly structured
o Public speaking requires more formal language
o Public speaking requires a different method of delivery Identify parts of the Speech Communication Process as they relate to public speaking. • Organize
• Max impact
• Adapt to listener feedback
What are ways to help manage speech anxiety?
• Positive thinking
• Power of visualization
• Know nervousness is usually not visible
• Don’t expect perfection
How does cultural diversity affect public speaking situations? • Adapt towards audience
Additional key terms:
speech anxiety – nervousness before a speech
cultural diversity – different beliefs in different cultures ethnocentrism – the belief that ones own group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures
What are the ethical obligations of public speakers?
• Goals ethically sound
• Full preparation
• Avoid name calling
• Ethical principles
What are three ethical obligations of a good listener?
• Avoid pre-judgment
• Maintain the free and open expression of ideas
What are examples of abusive language, and how can it affect the relationship between speaker and audience? • Avoid name calling
• It dehumanizes and imply that other groups don’t deserve respect What does it mean to make sure your speech goals are ethically sound? • Sound ethical decisions involve weighing a potential course of action against a set of ethical standards or guidelines What are the types of plagiarism? How can they be avoided?
• Global – steeling another persons whole speech
• Patchwork – stealing ideas from many
• Incremental – failing to give credit
What is the difference between a general and specific speech purpose? Give examples of each. • General
What is the central idea of a speech? What are other terms used for this? • The ideal that your speech centers around
• This can be a “topic”
What aspects make for a strong central idea?
• Things you want to know about
• Things you do know about
• Narrow a broad topic
What are different types of sources to gather supporting material from? • Librarians
• The catalogue
• Periodical databases
• Reference works
• Search engines
How do you determine if the sources you use are credible or worth using? • Authorship
Be aware of the recommended tips for doing productive research
Why is speech organization important?
• To achieve a particular result with a particular audience What are the five main organizational patterns? Be able to recognize them in a speech. • Chronological
• Spatial - directional
• Causal – cause and effect