In the modern representative democracy, "public property" is synonymous to state property, which is said to be owned by the people as a commons or held in trust by the government for common benefit. In many Commonwealth realms, such property is said to be owned by the Crown. Examples include Crown land, Crown copyright, and Crown Dependencies. Public space
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"In public" redirects here. For the song by Kelis featuring Nas, see In Public. For the film, see In Public (film).
Urban space (Florence)
Public shore marker, San Francisco Bay, Burlingame, California A public space is a social space such as a town square that is open and accessible to all, regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, age or socio-economic level. One of the earliest examples of public spaces are commons. For example, no fees or paid tickets are required for entry, nor are the entrants discriminated based on background. Non-government-owned malls are examples of 'private space' with the appearance of being 'public space'. Public space has also become something of a touchstone for critical theory in relation to philosophy, (urban) geography, visual art, cultural studies, social studies and urban design. The term 'Public Space' is also often misconstrued to mean other things such as 'gathering place', which is an element of the larger concept of social space. Contents[hide] * 1 Definition * 1.1 Areas of usage * 1.2 Restrictions on state action in public spaces in the United States * 1.3 Social norms in public spaces * 1.4 Controversy and Privatization * 1.5 'Semi-public' spaces * 2 Footnotes * 3 References * 4 See also * 5 External links |  Definition
 Areas of usage
Central Park in New York City was designed as a democratic public space in the 19th century. Most streets, including the pavement, are considered public space, as are town squares or parks. Government buildings which are open to the public, such as public libraries are public space. Although not considered public space, privately owned buildings or property visible from sidewalks and public thoroughfares may affect the public visual landscape, for example, by outdoor advertising. Parks, malls, beaches, waiting rooms, etc, may be closed at night. As this does not exclude any specific group, it is generally not considered a restriction on public use. Entry to public parks may be restricted based upon a user's residence. In Nordic countries like Norway, Sweden and Finland, all nature areas are considered public space, due to a law, the allemansrätten (the right to common passage).  Restrictions on state action in public spaces in the United States “| If Members of the public had no right whatsoever to distribute leaflets or engage in other expressive activity on government-owned property...then there would be little if any opportunity to exercise their rights of freedom of expression.| ”| —Supreme Court of Canada, defending right to poster on public utility poles and hand out leaflets in public government-owned buildings| In the United States the right of the people to engage in speech and assembly in public places may not be unreasonably restricted by the federal or state government. The government cannot usually limit one's speech beyond what is reasonable in a public space, which is considered to be a public forum (that is, screaming epithets at passers-by can be stopped; proselytizing one's...