Psychosexual Development

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Psychosexual Development

While studying Sigmund Freud, he states that personality is mostly established by the early age of five. Many early experiences play a large role in personality development of a growing child and continue to influence their behavior later in life. Freud’s theory of psychosexual development is one of the most known and controversial theories. Freud is known to believe that personality is developed through the different stages of childhood, where the pleasure seeking energies of id, the irrational part of personality that seeks immediate satisfaction of urges and drives, becomes focused on certain erogenous areas. This psychosexual energy is described as the force behind behavior.

If the stages of psychosexual development are completed successfully, then it will result in a healthy personality. If certain issues are not resolved at the appropriate stage, fixation can occur. A fixation is a focus on an earlier psychosexual stage. Until this conflict is resolved, a person can remain "stuck" in this stage. For example, a person who is fixated at the oral stage may be over-dependent on others and may seek oral stimulation through smoking, drinking, or eating.

I can definitely see where Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can relate to a time in my life. As a young child I developed a bad habit of biting my nails. This was for almost everything when I was bored, tired, nervous, you name it, and that’s when you will catch me biting my nails. This habit was very disgusting to me and as I grew older I amazingly grew out of it. Growing up I never thought anything of it and didn’t think there was a reasoning behind my nasty habit. While studying Freud and this theory it amazed me to find out that my habit can be related to an oral fixation that did not get resolved earlier in my childhood. This theory is the oral stage.

During the oral stage, the infant's primary source of interaction occurs through the mouth, so the rooting...
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