Psychology Important People

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Motivation and Emotion
Hans Selye:
General Adaptation Syndrome- determined that the body has a natural, adaptive response to stress that is composed of three stages: alarm, resistance, exhaustion. called negative stress distress and positive stress eustress

Alfred Kinsey:
founded the Institute for Research in Sex, Gender and Reproduction. Father of sexology. Did research on human sexual behavior.

Developmental Psychology
Konrad Lorenz:
did much work in the field of the physiology of animal behavior and on the development of social relationships, particularly imprinting. Imprinting, form of learning when young animals/babies for an attachment to the first moving object they see and hear.

Lev Vygotsky:
Sociocultural Theory- suggests that social interaction leads to continuous step-by-step changes in children's thought and behavior that can vary greatly from culture to culture. Zone of Proximal Development- concept that a child accomplishes a task that he/she cannot do alone, with the help from a more skilled person

Diana Baumrind:
3 parenting styles Permissive- parent attempts to behave in a nonpunitive, acceptant and affirmative manner towards the child's impulses, desires, and actions Authoritative- parent attempts to direct the child's activities but in a rational, issue-oriented manner. Authoritarian- parent attempts to shape, control, and evaluate the behavior and attitudes of the child in accordance with a set standard of conduct, usually an absolute standard, theologically motivated and formulated by a higher authority Personality

Alfred Aldler:
the founder of Individual Psychology, which emphasizes the uniqueness of the individual and the role of societal factors in shaping personality. Founded the Inferiority Complex, when people who feel inferior try to act superior. Implemented prevention and parental education.

Carl Jung:
Founder of Analytic Psychology. Recognizes the Collective Unconscious- innate psychological...
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