Psychology Bandura, Ross & Ross Bobo the Doll

Topics: Classical conditioning, Fear, Phobia Pages: 2 (540 words) Published: April 8, 2013
Week 17
Transmission of aggression through imitation
To investigate whether real life aggression increases aggression in children.

Bandura tested 72 children at Staffordshire university nursery school, 36 of which were male and 36 female between the ages of three to five. The participants were divided into eight experimental groups of 6 children with 24 forming the control group. The experimental groups watched an aggressive or non-aggressive role model of the same or different sex to their selves.

The children were individually brought in by the experimenter who then invited the model to come in, the child was put to one corner of the room to play while the model went to the other side of the room which had better toys, one toy being a 5ft inflatable bobo doll. The experimenter left the room and the model then began to play with some toys, after playing with some for a minute the model then becomes aggressive towards the bobo doll while the child observes. Later on, after taking the child out of the room they put them in another to play in, only to take their toys off them later to get them in an aggressive mood, the child was then taken to its original play room where the bobo doll is and was left to play freely for 20 minutes whilst being observed through a one way mirror.

Week 18
“Describe one therapy based on either classical or operant conditioning. (b) Evaluate the therapy you have described in part (a) ” Systematic desensitization is a type of behavioural therapy based on the principle of classical conditioning. This therapy aims to remove the fear response of a phobia, and substitute a relaxation response to the conditional stimulus gradually using counter conditioning. This is done by forming a hierarchy of fear, involving the conditioned stimulus e.g. a spider, that are ranked from least fearful to most fearful. The patient works their way up starting at the least unpleasant and practicing their relaxation technique...
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