Psychological Disorders

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Two main categories of treating psychological disorders

Psychotherapy– is treatment in which a trained professional therapist, uses psychological techniques to help someone overcome psychological difficulties and disorders, resolve problems in living, or bringing about a personal growth. They do this through discussions and interactions with the therapist. Biomedical Therapy– relies on drugs, medications, and medical procedures to improve psychological functioning.

Therapies Brochure


References: Feldman, R. S. (2010) Psychology and your life Boston: McGraw-Hill

Approaches to treating psychological disorders fall into two main categories: Psychologically based and Biologically based therapies.

Psychodynamic TherapyTherapy that seeks to bring unresolved past conflicts and unacceptable impulses from the unconscious into the conscious, where patients may deal with the problems more effectively. Types of Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychoanalysis: the goal is to release hidden unconscious thoughts and feelings in order to reduce their power in controlling behavior. Therapists use techniques like free association and dream interpretation. Therapists put’s less emphasis on a patient’s past history and childhood, and focuses more on the patients current relationships and specific complaints.

Behavior TherapyTreatment approaches that build on the basic processes of learning, such as reinforcement and extinction, and assume that normal and abnormal behavior are both learned. Types of Behavioral Therapy

In which gradual exposure to and anxietyproducing stimulus is paired with relaxation to extinguish the response of anxiety. This type of therapy is best used with people suffering from anxiety disorders. Exposure Treatment: a behavioral treatment for anxiety in which people are confronted, either suddenly or gradually, with a stimulus that they fear. Therapists use the graded exposure technique. This type of therapy is good for...
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