Psychological Foundation on Education

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Jeanny C. Espejo ECF-Foundation of Education

March 14, 2011 Prof. Glenard Madriaga

Tutorial Commentary on Psychological Foundation of Education Educational psychology is an interdisciplinary subject that incorporates human development, learning strategies, intelligence, motivation, measurement, and classroom management. The author defined that, Psychology is one of the basis of Education. Because psychology deals with human behavior, of how a person acts and reacts under different situations, consciously or unconsciously, mentally, physiologically, physically, overtly, or covertly. Education depends deeply upon psychology because the kind and amount of education that the learner acquires in conditioned by his psychological traits such as general mental ability, aptitudes, temperament, interest, effort-making capacity, physical condition, etc. It was said that the principles of education are principally based upon the facts and principles of psychology. Many important educational principles are based on different schools or system of psychology. Some of them are the following: Structuralism – according to Wudnt & Titchener. “Experience or mental states are made of sensation, images or ideas and feelings.” In other words, All consciousness of facts and phenomena of experiences are based upon the operation of the brain or the nervous system. Functionalism – functionalist are interested in how an organism makes adjustment to its environment, that is, either it changes or makes adaptation to it. Behaviorism – this theory believes that a stimulus, physical or otherwise, creates a response. Behavior is considered the result of various responses to stimulation and should be controlled or directed by modifying either the stimulus or the response without regard to consciousness. Temperament / Emotion - this refer to certain emotional predispositions of an individual. Emotional stability and emotional maturity are important assets in the development of one’s capabilities. Dealing with different individual is very complicated. The learners are the most important component in educative process and they are the center of attention in whole educational system. Therefore, it is necessary to study the characteristics, capacities and the rest of their personality traits so that ways and means may be devised to enhance their ability to absorb learning. Heredity and environment affect the factors that cause the uneven rate of growth and development among individuals. These factors are called individual differences, such as age, physical condition, intelligence, aptitude and special talent, temperament and many others that can affect among individual development. – Age is a big factor in making one different from another. Maturation and readiness are important in learning. Physical condition - healthier persons progress more rapidly in their development than those who are less healthy. Mental ability – children do not have the same level of mental ability. Some are more intelligent than others. And those who are more intelligent progress and grow faster than those who are less intelligent. Aptitude and special talent – children are gifted with special aptitude and talents in music, painting, etc.. These children, given the chance, often show excellence of performance and leadership in their respective fields of specializations far above the ordinary individuals. Emotional maturity and stability – I believed that children who are more emotionally mature and stable are more patient in studying their lessons, learn faster than those who are more temperamental.

Family background – children coming from affluent families and educated parents with the right values can grow and develop more progressively than children coming from poor families. Community background – majority of the children coming from squatter or slum areas and from crime-infested areas have a very slim chance of growing progressively because of the bad influence of...
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