Report on Family Systems Tools
Report on Family Systems Tools
Family psycho education has many different models each model includes common elements. The different models of family psycho education include single and multiple family groups, mixed groups that include patient and family members, groups of varying duration, and groups that focus on families and the patient at different stages during the illness, or problem. Multi-family groups are thought to be very successful in treating certain mental disorders. Multi-family groups can be traced back to 1960’s when these groups were used to solve problem in the ward amongst psychiatric patients, and management. Family psycho educational therapy is different from traditional family therapy in the families are not seen as part of the problem, they are seen as part of the solution. Families are also treated as partners rather than patients, thus building a strong therapeutic relationship with the psycho educational counselors (family psycho education).
The popularization and development of the term psycho education into its current form is widely attributed to the American researcher C.M. Anderson in 1980 in the context of the treatment of schizophrenia. Her research concentrated on educating relatives concerning the symptoms and the process of the schizophrenia. Also, her research focused on the stabilization of social authority and on the improvement in handling of the family members among themselves. Finally, C.M. Anderson's research included more effective stress management techniques. Psycho education in behavior therapy has its origin in the patient's relearning of emotional and social skills. In the last few years increasingly systematic group programs have been developed, in order to make the knowledge more understandable to patients and their families Psycho educational Therapy Model, 2010).
The goal of family psycho education is to prevent patients with severe mental illnesses from relapsing, and to promote their re-entry into their home communities, with particular regard for their social and occupational functioning. To achieve that goal, family psycho education programs seek to provide families with the information they need about mental illness and the coping skills that will help them deal with their loved one's psychiatric disorder.
An associated goal of these programs is support for the patients' families. Families experience many burdens (financial, social, and psychological) in serving as long-term caregivers for their loved ones. Although the primary focus of family psycho education groups is improved patient outcomes, an essential intermediate goal is to promote the well-being of the family (Psycho educational Therapy Model, 2010). There are several different models of family psycho education. Although they include many common elements, these different models include: single- and multiple-family groups; mixed groups that include family members and consumers (patients); groups of varying duration ranging from nine months to more than five years; and groups that focus on patients and families at different phases in the illness (Psycho educational Therapy Model, 2010).
Psycho educational interventions tend to be “packaged” plans that are spontaneously implemented and modified to the needs of the student at that particular moment in a crisis. To the psycho educator, “One size fits all” is a lie in fashion, and education. Individualized approaches are necessary.
However, using complex prepared procedures flexibly and effectively requires persistent, self-confident, knowledgeable, trained, and empathetic professionals. The psycho educator must be able to resist displaying punitive or rejecting reactions when the student engages in the inevitable testing of his/her patience and commitment. Unshakeable optimism and professionalism are required of those using psycho educational practices Psycho educational Therapy Model, 2010).