Coun 601 Family Counseling Approach
Psychoeducational Model theory is unique in that it is a collaboration of systems theory’s that help support the family unit. This theory includes elements that assist clients who have severe mental issues as well as clients who have family functioning problems. With the enlistment of doctors and other professionals clients are given the skills and tools they need to help themselves. Clients who help themselves are being productive in their own theraptic process. Integrating Christian doctrine into counseling can be difficult. Maintaining the balance of the psychological aspect and teaching Christians based theories are necessary in today’s counseling profession. Integrating these factors while considering the Psychoeducational theory is a positive and effective method for counseling in counseling profession.
Family Counseling Approach
Psychoeducational therapy is very unique in that it uses a combination of systems theories to create this model of therapy. The two key theories that embody the Psychoeducational theory are educational psychology and cognitive behavior therapy. These two theories are important for the successful treatment of clients/patients with severe mental disorders. The collaboration of the three systems theories help create the Psychoeducational therapy needed to assist families reduce stress. By educating them with survival skills that will help them deal with family members who are mentally ill and families who have troubled issues within the family system (Goldenberg, Goldenberg, 2008). The Psychoeducational therapy uses the assistance of health care professionals and educators as well as many others to assist clients/patients in the healing process. Everyone is necessary for the successful treatment of clients with severe mental health issues. Families need to be educated and instructed on how to keep their mental health intact while they are helping their family members with severe problems. With the collaboration of all involved the clients and family members will be successful in their overall goal which is to strengthen the family system. The History
The history of the Psychoeducational group as mentioned previously is a collaboration of several different system theories which include: cognitive and educational psychology. However, the true beginning started with John E. Donley who wrote an article entitled “Psychotherapy and re-education” which was published in The Journal of Abnormal Psychology back in 1911. He wrote this article on the premise that psychotherapy was a therapy that helps treat emotional and behavioral problems. Another key person that introduced information on this theory was Sigmund Freud. His writings discussed the importance of childhood experiences on the psychological development of children. He provided some of the fundamental support for the Psychoeducational theory, without realizing it. He recognized that early in the developmental stages of a child, mental issues can affect them later on in life and sometimes for the rest of their lives. Many years later psychotherapy evolved into Psychoeducational theory which it is called today (McIntyre, 2006). One of many pioneers of this new evolution is C.W. Anderson. He conducted research on the subject of mental illness and more specially schizophrenia. His research focused on educating the family members of clients with severe mental illnesses and teaching them the symptoms as well as the process of the illness (Fiscella, 2002). Families and Mental Disorders
When family members take on the task of caring for family members with mental illnesses, they do not realize that this can be a very difficult task. If the family member has schizophrenia or bipolarism this can be an even more daunting task. Why? Because schizophrenia is defined as “a group of severe brain disorders in which people interpret reality abnormally” (Drapalski, Leith &...
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