Ian is a 5 year old Caucasian male that exhibits average verbal skills, average cognitive skills, and appeared to be of average height and weight. When entering his assessment, it was noted that his clothing did not match, his hair was unkempt and his mother seemed frazzled at best. When speaking to Ian’s mother prior to Ian’s assessment she indicated that she thought the difficulties she faced with Ian were normal until his Kindergarten teacher pointed out in a parent teacher conference that they were not. She also stated that since starting school, he seems to be very hard on himself, stating that he is stupid, and or not good enough. When meeting with Ian, he exhibited rapid speech patterns, jumped quickly from one topic to the next with seemingly no correlation, and showed frustration when attempts to go back to a previous topic came up. When presented with a series of five tasks, he was only able to complete one of the tasks before getting distracted and forgetting about the other four. After his assessment, contact was made with his kindergarten teacher who stated that Ian had difficulty completing tasks, was prone to lashing out at other students verbally when confronted with his inability to do so, showed high levels of anger, and low levels of self-confidence. She also noted that he did not get along well with his peers and that he was very disruptive in the classroom. Behavioral Strategies
As a psychosocial rehabilitation specialist that helps children suffering from emotional disturbances, observing the maladaptive behaviors of the individuals can assist with helping to solve the issues that he or she may have. Children often mimic what they observe. In the case of Ian, the following action plan should be put in place which involves behavioral strategies that can help him cope with family relationships, peer interactions, academic difficulties, aggression, and social skills. Ian’s mother will need to positively enforce a regular sleep pattern and exercise plan for him. This is a behavior strategy that is beneficial to Ian having disturbing behaviors such as Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder. Sleep helps to improve the child’s concentration (Bolyn, 2013) and this can be used with most behavioral issues. Next, Ian’s mother should come up with a routine schedule. As a child with ADHD, Ian can easily become overwhelmed when there is a change with his daily lifestyle. This is why having a routine schedule along with a planner or checklist would decrease the chances of him having any disturbances. Ian’s mother can also choose to have a daily or weekly reward plan which should consist of the Ian’s favorite stickers or just hearing praise from his mother. It will be the responsibility of Ian’s mother in particular to keep track of changes in his behaviors and the rewards being given to him. Mind-building activities such as puzzles, reading or games that encourage positive behaviors are also a fun way to exercise Ian’s mind and help him to maintain positive behaviors at the same time. Bandura’s learning theory allows him to observe through reading and or games. Both Ian’s mother and Ian should keep a journal and write daily in it about anything and everything, with the notion of bringing it to each session for discussion. Ian can particularly discuss his encounters in school since he is still learning to read and write. Cognitive Strategies
Ian has a difficult time trying to keep his mind on certain tasks when asked to complete certain activities. Ian also showed frustration because he was struggling with the activities. This can happen when children have ADHD, completing tasks can be a difficult challenge. A cognitive strategy that can be used to help Ian with his ADHD problem would be Behavior Management. This type of cognitive strategy can be used as both a reward and punishment system which will help teach Ian control. If Ian does his work correctly...