Psy 410 Week 2 and 3 Matrix of Disorders

Topics: Schizophrenia, Abnormal psychology, Mental disorder Pages: 21 (7740 words) Published: December 20, 2011
Anxiety, Mood, and Dissociative Disorder Matrix

Abnormal Psychology Disorders| DSM-IV-TR Criteria| Examination of Classifications and Symptoms| A. Anxiety Disorders:| | |
1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)| A. Excessive anxiety and worry (apprehensive expectation) about two (or more) domains of activities or events (for example, domains like family, health, finances, and school/work difficulties)B. The excessive anxiety and worry occur on more days than not for three months or more (APA, 2000) Examination of Classifications and SymptomsC. The anxiety and worry are associated with one or more of the following symptoms: 1. Restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge2. Being easily fatigued3. Difficulty concentrating or mind going blank4. Irritability5. Muscle tension6. Sleep disturbance (difficulty falling or staying asleep, or restless unsatisfying sleep)D. The anxiety and worry are associated with one or more of the following behaviors:a. Marked avoidance of situations in which a negative outcome could occurb. Marked time and effort preparing for situations in which a negative outcome could occurc. Marked procrastination in behavior or decision-making due to worriesd. Repeatedly seeking reassurance due to worries E. The focus of the anxiety and worry are not restricted to symptoms of another disorder, such as Panic Disorder (e.g., anxiety about having a panic attack), Social Anxiety Disorder (e.g., being embarrassed in public), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (e.g, anxiety about being contaminated), Separation Anxiety Disorder (e.g., anxiety about being away from home or close relatives), Anorexia Nervosa (e.g., fear of gaining weight), Somatization Disorder (e.g., anxiety about multiple physical complaints), Body Dysmorphic Disorder (e.g., worry about perceived appearance flaws), Hypchondriasis (e.g., belief about having a serious illness), and the anxiety and worry do not occur exclusively during Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.F. The anxiety, worry, or physical symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.G. The disturbance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication) or a general medical condition (e.g., hyperthyroidism) and does not occur exclusively during a Mood Disorder, a Psychotic Disorder, or an Autism Spectrum Disorder. (APA, 2000)| Lifetime Estimated Prevalence of Anxiety disorders in the populationGAD = 5% populationPD = 1-2% populationPhobias = 9-24% populationOCD = 1-2.5% populationPTSD = over 8% population(Hansell & Damour, 2008).| 2. Panic Disorder| A. Both (1) and (2):1. Recurrent unexpected Panic attacks. 2. At least one of the attacks has been followed by 1 month (or more) of one (or more) of the following:a. Persistent concern about having additional attacksb. Worry about the implications of the attack or its consequences(e.g., losing control, having a heart attack, “going crazy”)c. A significant change in behavior related to the attacksB. The presence (or absence) of AgoraphobiaC. The Panic Attacks are not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication) or a general medical condition (e.g., hyperthyroidism).D. The Panic Attacks are not better accounted for by another mental disorder, such as Social Phobia (e.g., occurring on exposure to feared social situations), Specific Phobia (e.g., on exposure to a specific phobic situation), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (e.g., on exposure to dirt in someone with an obsession about contamination), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (e.g., in response to stimuli associated with a severe stressor), or Separation Anxiety Disorder (e.g., in response to being away from home or close relatives).(APA, 2000)| Lifetime Estimated Prevalence of Anxiety disorders in the population:PD = 1-2% population (Hansell & Damour, 2008)| 3. Phobias| A. Both (1) and (2):1....
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