Psy 360 Exam

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Final Examination
Tonia P. Littlejohn
PSY 360
Mr. William Dibiase
19 June 2011

Question 1
What are minimal groups? How does group membership lead to prejudice and discrimination? Minimal groups are small assembly of people that are considered together. These people share common interest, beliefs and political goals. Group membership leads to prejudice because people discriminate against them simply because they are a part of the group. Most groups are singled out and seem to be different is another reason they are discriminated against. For example, a group of males that hang out and seem soft would be considered a group of homosexuals. Others would discriminate and act prejudice toward them because they seem different. Question 2

What is modern racism, and how is it studied?
Modern racism is when someone from the outside shows no sign of prejudice but inside uphold prejudice attitudes. The modern racism is a form a racism that is deceptive in the eyes of people. Most people tend to hide behind this type of racism more toward the inner feeling than the outer feeling. This type of racism is most likely in middle and wealthier class people in today’s society. Psychologist using self-effacing measures such as a bogus pipeline and paper questionnaires treats modern racism. These research studies are used to get student responses on their true feelings on prejudice. The bogus pipeline study seems to be the more accurate study.

Questions 3
What is stereotype threat, and what are the consequences of stereotype threat? Be sure to provide an example to illustrate your point. Stereotype threat is when different people of different races believe their behavior or performance may affect their culture. A consequence of stereotype threat is minorities in college or high professional jobs. These students or professionals believe if they fail or show poor performances in their field they will make a bad impression on their race or culture. They believe that if they are not successful at what they do society will feel no one in that race could be successful. Questions 4

Compare and contrast procedural justice and the deterrence theory as explanations for why people obey the law. When a person is faced with the deterrence theory and procedural justice, they will think before making an illegal decision. In procedural justice, a person is concern if the crime they are charged with is fair. A person will be concern with if they are innocent or guilty of the crime that they are charged with. The deterrence theory is a person will think before committing a crime because of the severe penalty for committing the crime. In the deterrence theory, a person will be more likely not to commit the crime because of the severe legal penalties once the crime has been committed. The deterrence theory is a definite reason for why people obey the law; no one wants to go to jail. Knowledge of punishment for a crime will make a person thing before they take a chance to do something illegal. Questions 5

Summarize the recovered memory debate and research. Should we believe a person who comes forward with a recovered memory? Recovered memory is recollection of a past event that has been forgotten or repressed, most likely sexual abuse experience. Most people will have repressed the memories because they do not want to remember because of the tragedy of the event. Most sexually abuse women will repress the memories and then years later when something else tragic happens or they meet a man that remind them of the abuser the memory will be retrieved. I do believe that people with recovered memory are capable of believing, unless the person is a proven diagnose compulsive liar. Question 6

Describe at least three ways eyewitness memory can be affected, and how we can determine the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. Many of ways can affect eyewitness memory, but there are three important ways that the eyewitness memory can be affected. One way...
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