Prospects, Importance, Problems and Impacts of Shrimp Cultivation in Bangladesh: a Literature Review

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  • Topic: Agriculture, Shrimp farm, Cultivation
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Prospects, Importance, Problems and Impacts of Shrimp Cultivation in Bangladesh: A literature Review This Paper is prepared by:
Asif Ahmed
BBA 13th Batch
Department of Accounting & Information Systems
Faculty of Business Studies
University of Dhaka
E-mail: asif.ahmed0001@yahoo.com
Cell Phone: +8801922939126
2 of 12 Prospects, Importance, Problems and Impacts of Shrimp Cultivation in Bangladesh Introduction:
One of the major exports earning industry of Bangladesh is shrimp. In the year 2008-09 Bangladesh exports almost $507 million of shrimp to the foreign country which is 95% of the country’s frozen food export. The second largest export industry in Bangladesh is the shrimp industry and its contribution is about 4.7% to GDP and 9.38% of total exports. At present Bangladesh is the seventh largest country of shrimp exporting to USA and Japan market. Almost 600,000 people of our country are directly and indirectly related with the activities of shrimp cultivation and shrimp export. But the many question has already been raised on the effected of shrimp cultivation in Bangladesh and also its’ future prospects. Objective:

The objective of preparing report is to –
1. Find out the various impacts of shrimp cultivation in Bangladesh, such as – social, economical, environmental etc. 2. Find out the true cost of framing shrimp.
3. Find out the future prospects of shrimp cultivation in Bangladesh. 4. Find out the importance of shrimp cultivation in Bangladesh. 5. Make some recommendation for this sector of agriculture of Bangladesh. Methodology:

The study is mainly done on the secondary data collected from the various journals, articles, Bangladesh agricultural census, research report etc. that are already interpreted by various researcher. The main advantage of this is there is less chance of extreme data. 3 of 12 Prospects, Importance, Problems and Impacts of Shrimp Cultivation in Bangladesh Overview of Shrimp Cultivation in Bangladesh:

The shrimp/prawn producing unit in Bangladesh is locally known as “gher” farming. Gher farming is a combined form of aquaculture and agriculture. Shrimp/prawn gher farming system has significant impacts on agriculture and the economy of Bangladesh and has created many diversified local job opportunities like mud snail traders, prawn fingerlings traders, ice factory, depot owners, etc. A large number of male and female workers supply their labor in this sector. The basic components of one’s standard of living such as food consumption, medical care, education, housing, and clothing have improved after the introduction of the gher revolution. Now the people in this industry can have three meals a day which was not possible in the recent past. They can also afford to send their children to school for education (Barmon, 2003). In Bangladesh, there are two types of gher farming; one is brackish water based shrimp farming and another is fresh water based rice-prawn farming. Shrimp gher farming is large in size and scale, and needs saline water, whereas prawn gher farming is comparatively small in size and scale, and needs fresh water. Traditionally, brackish water based shrimp is cultured in the coastal and peri-coastal regions, and freshwater-based prawn is cultured in the upper areas of Bagerhat, Khulna and Satkhira district. At present there is several production modes of shrimp/prawn in Bangladesh are as follows: (Basanta Kumar Barmon, Kondo Takumi and Fumio Osanami). Traditional Shrimp Production - The present shrimp culture involves traditional gher farming method in Bangladesh. In this method, the flow of saline water into the enclosed areas is controlled by mall wooden sluice gates. These sluice gates are opened to allow the entry of saline water into the gher from February to April and at that time the juveniles of various varieties of coastal finfish and post larvae of shrimps that breed in the sea enter into the gher with the saline water. These sluice gates are closed after April...
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