process optimisation

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Manufacturing an environmentally friendly PCB using existing industrial processes and equipment

A. Ryan, H. Lewis
Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing 23 (2007) 720–726 This paper investigates the possibility of utilising an additive screen printing process with conductive ink and adhesive together with a degradable substrate to identify whether this process offers a viable alternative to current subtractive methods of PCB manufacture.Existing manufacturing equipment and production process were adopted in order to establish the compatibility of a sustainable and environmental friendly PCB with these processes. Experimental trials have shown that by using a stainless steel stencil 150 mm thick in conjunction with an MPM Ultraprint machine with a printing speed of 89 mm/s, a squeegee pressure of 0.97 bar and a downstop of 1.9 mm successful printing of the electrically conductive adhesive was achieved. It was also shown that the substrate was compatible with electronic placement technology and convection oven. Comparisons of the electronic assemblies to an industrial IPC standard illustrated that it is possible to develop a circuit, which is deemed acceptable under this standard. It can be concluded therefore that a screen printed conductive ink pattern, when printed on a degradable substrate can offer a viable alternative to current printed circuit boards and can be manufactured using existing technology and manufacturing processes. 2

Optimisation for Surface Mount Placement Machines

1Masri Ayob , 2Peter Cowling, And 3Graham Kendall.
3Automated Scheduling, Optimisation and Planning (ASAP) Research Group,

Optimisation of feeder setup and component placement sequence are very important to the efficiency of surface mount placement machines. Much works have been conducted to solve this problem. However, the technological characteristics of the placement machine influences the nature of the...
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