In the context of Pakistan, owing to the fact that it is a developing nation, there is no wonder that it is engulfed with a number of social and economical problems. The real issue is not the presence of these problems in society because, there is no concept of an ideal society in the world. Every country in the world has its own set of socio-economic problems. The main issue is the extent and intensity of the socio-economic problems of Pakistan which have soared to alarming levels. Pakistan is today facing the most critical problems of its history. Economy is terrible, law & order is deteriorating, shortage of water, electricity and other necessities are clearly vanishing. The number of unemployed youth is rising at an alarming rate in the country. The country is facing a complex multi-dimensional governance crisis. Corruption and the bad governance is order of the day. Let us discuss briefly some major social and economic problems that are of serious concern for social scientists and political economists.
Pakistan has been facing a lot of social problems since its inception in 1947. In the start there were the problems of lack of funds, rehabilitation of refugees, poor infrastructure and widespread poverty of masses but they grew with the passage of time and became social evils.
At present the gravest problem that Pakistan is facing is its precarious law and order condition. People have become numerical figures, blown up in numbers every now and then. Terrorists have not spared any place. Bazars, mosques, educational institutes, offices, hotels- you name it and the place is not safe any more.
Besides terrorism there are other social problems which are older and more widespread. The biggest of these problems is poverty. 70% population of Pakistan lives in villages. Most of them don’t have access to adequate basic needs of life. They are struggling for bread and butter. A large chunk of population lives below poverty line. Poverty itself gives rise to various other social problems. It deprives children and poor people to access education and healthcare. A sense of deprivation manifests itself in form of various crimes.
Illiteracy is yet another problem of Pakistan. The literacy rate lingers on 56%. Over the decades, despite decreasing, illiteracy rate in Pakistan has shown an upward trend. The fact that 50 percent of children do not complete their primary education testifies this fact. Uneducated adults contribute negligibly to the national exchequer.
Corruption is another huge social problem. From clerical staff to higher offices and bureaucrats, all are involved in corruption of one kind or the other. There is no system of accountability.
Unemployment is also regarded as a major social problem. Major portion of Pakistan’s population consists of youth and a large number of young people are unemployed. But the impacts of unemployment are more serious and dangerous. people tired of making both ends meet due to unemployment indulge in nefarious activities and ratio of crimes increases.
Child labour is widespread in Pakistan. Whether in bigger cities or in small villages, we find innocent malnourished children employed in various forms of labour. Meager wages are paid to these children and no facilities for education are provided.
Population expansion has been a real issue of concern for all governments. With limited resources it is very difficult to cater to the needs of growing population. These social problems directly affect the masses. Apart from these there are several economic problems which have broken the backbone of national treasury.
Economic prosperity serves as a backbone for the overall progress of a nation. Poor economic condition is the root cause of so many problems that exist in a society. Unfortunately, Pakistan’s economic conditions are pathetic. As if...