Methods to Counter Terrorism

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TERRORISM AND MEASURES TO CTR THIS THREAT

TERRORISM AND MEASURES TO CTR THIS THREAT
Introduction
1.The menace of terrorism is the most clear and present danger at this point in time. The word terrorism was first used in France to describe a new system of government adopted during the French revolution (1789-1799). The reign of terror was intended to promote democracy and popular rule by ridding the revolution of its enemies and thereby purifying it. However, the oppression and violent excesses of the terror transformed it into a feared instrument of the state. From that time on, terrorism has had a decidedly negative connotation. 2.The U.S. government says democracy is necessary to inoculate Iraq and Afghanistan against the return of dangerous regimes that oppress their people, support terrorism and threaten peace. At the same time, Taliban and al-Qaida forces displaced from Afghanistan are finding refuge and a place to regroup in neighboring countries, which sided with the United States after the Sept. 11 attacks. Especially, for the last two decades and aftermath of 9/11 tragedy, the major challenges are in the form of deteriorating law and order, ethnicity, religious extremism, sectarianism, weaponisation and economic degeneration. There is a dire need to address this menace so that we can stand as a country that is trouble free and respected in the world. The increasingly unstable situation in Pakistan demonstrates that terrorism will continue to flourish until serious democratic reforms are undertaken there as well. 3. Today, Pakistan is confronted with Internal Security dilemma in the form of Terrorism. The divisions of society on sectarian, religious and ethnic lines pose a threat to our security and are breeding ground for terrorism acts. Weak economy, high inflation, unemployment, high rate of population growth, low literacy level and poor health care are permanent irritants. Especially, for the last two decades and aftermath of 9/11 tragedy, the major challenges are in the form of deteriorating law and order, ethnicity, religious extremism, sectarianism, weaponisation and economic degeneration. There is a dire need to address this menace so that we can stand as a country that is trouble free and respected in the world.

AIM
4. To analyze the nature of threat of terrorism in Pakistan in the post 9/11 scenario with a view to suggest viable response.

5.The Definition. Terrorism is the premeditated, deliberate, systematic murder, mayhem, and threatening of the innocent to create fear and intimidation in order to gain a political or tactical advantage, usually to influence an audience1. James M. Poland 6.Major Incidents of Terrorism in the Country their Pattern/Conclusions a.A typical pattern which emerges from the above mentioned incidents indicates three dimensions: - (1)Armed attacks.

(2)Bombing.
(3)Ambushes.
b.The targets have been mainly: -
(1)Army VIPs/VVIPs
(2)Public gatherings.
(3)Mosques and Imambargahs to give it the colour of sectarian violence. c.All the actions against Mosques and Imabargahs have been suicidal bombings. d.In attacks against VIPs/VVIPs, a combination of car bombings, bombing, ambushes and armed attacks has been employed. e.By and large the pattern of terror attacks indicates involvement of Al Qiada and other extremist organisations. f.However the possibility of involvement of Indian hands and sectarian activists cannot be overruled altogether. g.It is likely that this series of violence will continue for a little more time till operations in FATA do not come to an end. h.All the operations have been well planned and are actions undertaken by well trained terrorists. j.In most of the cases, intelligence agencies failed to predict these acts and where these have been predicted, no worthwhile actions were initiated to...
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