1.1 Introduction To Coir Industry
The Coir Industry has been significantly Export-Oriented and a valuable foreign exchange earner. On an average about 20 per cent of the total Coir products manufactured are exported from the country, mainly to West European countries, United States of America (USA) and Canada. The products include fiber, yarn, mats, matting, rugs and carpets, rope and rubberized coir. Unfortunately, the exports in the recent past show a declining trend. Increased competition from other countries use of substitutes traditional methods of production delay in executing orders are some of the major reasons mentioned for reduced exports. Because of this, the manufacturers have started to pay more attention to the internal market that was not fully exploited earlier. Efforts have been stepped up to popularize Coir products in India by various organizations both in Public and Private sectors and to penetrate to huge market that exists for floor covering and other applications. In the meantime, Coconut cultivation also got spread over in many regions other than the traditional areas like Tamil Nadu, in a significant way. Prominent among the states other than Tamil Nadu, which have promoted coir industry, are Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.
The Coir Industry in Tamil Nadu presently provides direct employment to about 3.60 lakhs persons including those who are employed for part of the year. It is a fact that a good percentage of this is women engaged in the Spinning of Coir. The indirect employment is also very significant. The potential of this industry for up gradation and expansion is high and if taken advantage of this will have a significant impact on the coastal economy of the State. Recognizing this fact the Government introduced a number of regulations for sustaining the industry including those intended to improve the availability of husk for the industry at reasonable cost.
It is imperative that the Government of Tamil Nadu evolves strategies for research and development in this field and stimulates diversification and growth of the industry through co-ordinate activities among the functional Ministries concerned with Agriculture Industry and Infrastructure Development. An enlightened policy in this regard is very much required and there is no doubt that such a policy is bound to make a significant impact on the economy of the State.
The Coir Board is a statutory body established under the Coir Industry Act, 1953 for promoting the overall development of the coir industry and upliftment of the living conditions of workers engaged in this traditional industry. The Coir Board consists of a full-time Chairman and 39 members, as provided in Section 4 of the Coir Industry Act, 1953, representing all stakeholders in Coir Industry.
The Functions Of The Coir Board For The Development Of Coir Industry •Include undertaking Scientific, Technological and Economic Research and Development activities •Collection of Statistics relating to exports and internal consumption of Coir and Coir Products •Development of new products and designs
•Publicity for promotion of exports and internal sales
•Marketing of Coir and Coir products in India and abroad
•Prevention of unfair competition among organisations among producers of Husk, Coir Fibre, Coir Yarn and Manufacturers of Coir Products •Ensuring remunerative returns to Producers and Manufacturers, etc. About Coir Fibre
Coir is a versatile natural fibre extracted from mesocarp tissue, or husk of the coconut fruit Generally fibre is of golden color when cleaned after removing from coconut husk; and hence the name " The Golden Fibre". Coir is the fibrous husk of the coconut shell. Being tough and naturally resistant to seawater, the coir protects the fruit enough to survive months floating on ocean currents to be washed up on a sandy shore where it may sprout and grow into a tree, if it has enough fresh water,...