Problems Between Britain and the Colonies

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At the end of the French and Indian War, the hostilities between Great Britain and the colonies progressed intensely. Britain started taxing the colonies while restricting their economy. Many violent arguments between the colonists and Britain also broke out, and fierce battles were fought due to the disagreements.

Since Britain was in debt after the French and Indian War, they needed money, and an easy way to get the money was by taxing the colonists. The first tax was the Sugar Act that was passed by Parliament in 1764. This tax ensured that any colonist who bought imported molasses or sugar had to pay a tax. This was the first act that was passed particularly to profit from the colonies instead of their usual attempts to balance the trade of the colonies. The colonists weren’t happy with the tax, so they boycotted all goods that had extra expenses. Britain then decided to issue the Stamp Act of 1765 when they realized that the Sugar Act was not helpful.

The Stamp Act affected most colonists since many of them needed paper goods. The tax demanded the colonists to pay for an official stamp every time they used legal documents, licenses, newspapers, pamphlets, and playing cards. Once again, the colonists weren’t happy, but this time, they organized groups such as the Sons of Liberty to control the situation. These groups would threaten and frighten the tax collectors into quitting so they could avoid paying the tax. Colonial courts began shutting down due to the fact that the colonists were once again boycotting the goods. Parliament was forced to repeal the tax, but then in March 1766, they issued the Declaratory Act that said that Parliament could do whatever they wished to do (make laws, pass taxes, raise taxes) to the colonists “in all cases whatsoever”. This caused even more tension between the two lands.

Parliament passed the Townshend Acts in June of 1767. This was a tax on imported glass, paint, paper, tea, and lead. This Act also allowed tax...
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