Private Car Use

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Hello everyone. As you know this week I will be leading the discussion and we will be talking about private car use in China. I hope you have had a chance to think about the topic beforehand, because I welcome your contribution. Firstly, I would like to show you some statistics. Statistics from the Traffic Administration under the Ministry of Public Security show that the total quantity of automotive vehicles in China stood at 217 million by the end of June 2011, including nearly 72.1 million private cars. The ownership rate of private cars continues to increase, and private cars have become increasingly popular as a mode of transportation. Experts believe China's rapid economic growth and rising incomes of residents lay a solid foundation for the popularization of cars. However, personally I think China should treat the growth of private cars with a more rational attitude. We will discuss several effects of private car use on lifestyle, economy and environment. Also, we will discuss the changes of people who buy cars.(2 min) ok, the first question, how private cars have affected your hometown? let’s hear what you think, Alice?

Alice: It caused traffic problems.
It is inevitable dilemma [di'lemə] in developed cites that more people will buy cars with living standards improved, but meanwhile the road construction should struggle to keep up with it, or there will be some problems, such as traffic problems. Shanghai

Excessive private cars can increase urban traffic pressure
The overly rapid growth of private car ownership has increased urban traffic pressure, making traffic congestion and parking difficulties two major problems in city management. Private cars in Shanghai, not including those from outside the city, have already hit the number of 1.01 million by the end of 2010 according to the transportation authority. That number has grown by 100% since 1996 when there were only 500,000. However, the city's paved ways haven't grown much: only by 29% from 1.6 million kilometers in 1996 to 2.07 million kilometers in 2010. So the question is how to facilitate people's daily travelling at a time of rushing into the private car era, while worrying about the city's traffic management As I mentioned before, the number of private cars throughout the country has broke 70 million; that number in Shanghai, Guangzhou and other 11 cities reached a million each; and the capital city Beijing has made it to five million. People joked about it as "the capital jam" as cars moved inch by inch. So it is a big issue that needs to be solved. Major cities like Shanghai and Beijing that has first entered the car era are now confronting a difficult test of astonishingly increased private cars. Although Beijing has the plate restriction policies in place, Shanghai auctions off car plates, Guangzhou restricts cars with low emission, and others cites emulate Beijing by managing private cars through plate number system, measures that intend to alleviate cities' traffic problems haven't turned out as expected. so how can the government solve the problem? Biadice?

B: The authority should increase people's awareness of obeying the traffic rules. Car owners should overcome their pure urge to show off, and follow the traffic rules---no breaking the rules, no overtaking and no drunk driving. Making the above a conscious action is what a civilized metropolitan requires. How about you, Alice, what do you think about that?

A: well, I think we should learn from international and modern car management, such as having a car-free day every year (or a quarter or a month), building parking lots for low-emission cars, encouraging people to travel in a low-carbon way, setting up clubs and salons for private cars, promoting the best ways to use cars and advocating car-pool, which will help overcome the various possible problems. Public transportation should be of more use. Railways and buses should operate in a scientific way to facilitate people's travelling. We...
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