Printing Press

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Alisha Nutt
Throughout history, changes in technology have had a great influence on society. The development of Gutenberg’s printing press had a major impact on specific societies and the world. Before Gutenberg invented the printing press books were wrote by hand and they took several years to finish. The monks wrote the bible by hand and it took a long time to finish the books. During the Middle Ages manuscript books were produced by monks who worked with pen and ink in a copying room known as a scriptorium. (Doc 1). The cost of the prices went up so that means that only the rich could afford the bible, only the rich were educated. When the printing press was invented the written works went up so the cost of the bible went down so that everyone could afford It., the literacy rate then went up. By 1500 an estimated half million printed books were in circulation: religious works, Greek and roman classics, scientific texts, Columbus’s report from the new world. An acceleration of the renaissance was only the first by-product of the Gutenberg press. With ought it the protestant movement might have been still born as well as the political industrial revolutions. Gutenberg however got none of the glory. His brainchild bankrupted him; the year his bible was published a creator took over his business. Little more is known of the inventor- in part because he never put his name into print. (Doc 3).In the 700s the Chinese started printing with woodblocks, in the 1200s the Koreans began experimenting with movable type, in 1456 Gutenberg’s 42 line bible was finished , in 1500 more than 1,00 printers are active in Europe, in the late 1800s more efficient printing presses are developed, including self-inking capabilities and some motorization, in 1868 the monotype machine is patented. It combines a typewriter- like keyboard with a type casting unit to create individual letters at the stroke of a finger, in the 1980s computerized typesetting is created at video screens,...
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