Principles of Training for Sprinting

Topics: Muscle, Physical exercise, Heart rate Pages: 4 (965 words) Published: April 11, 2011
Principles of Training

Overloading: Overload is a term that is used to describe types of training that are harder, more intense and/or lengthier than the normal physical activity undertaken by an individual so this means that the training principles apply to muscular endurance as well as strength work. When overloading the human system is put under stress and the human biological system responds by becoming more capable to the stress put on it.

When performing mobility exercises, you need to stretch to the end of your range of movement. In active mobility, when you reach the limit of your range of movements this situation is referred to as active end position. To improve mobility you need to be working at or beyond the active end position. •Passive exercises involve passing the active end position with the assistance of an outside force which allows you to increase your range of movements further than the active contracting of the protagonist muscles. The passive exercises I will be doing include the sit and reach stretch for hamstrings. •Dynamic mobility exercises use the momentum of movements to bounce past the active end position. The mobility exercises I will do include rotation of the ankles. A muscle will only strengthen if it is forced to operate beyond its customary intensity. The load on the muscle must be progressively increased and this will trigger further adaptive responses as training develops.

“Increasing training frequency, number of intervals and duration will help increase the training stimulus”, was one of the pieces of information which I gathered. I also learnt that when performing the intervals at certain percentages of an athlete’s maximum is normal, if you increase the maximum, then they are able to work at a harder resistance or tempo while maintaining the same intensity of training. – Training zones

Training zones are calculated by taking into consideration your Maximum Heart Rate and your Resting...
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