Outline the anatomy & physiology of the human body in relationship to the importance of correct mov & handling & positioning of individuals Muscles in our body work pretty much like levers to allow our joints to move like hinges move. Muscles will move and pull bones at a specific joint in the body this will allow joints to move and therefore allow the body to move. When the muscle contracts it pulls the bone at a specific joint to that it moves in the direction in which it is only designed to move. In cases of reduced mobility or disability the muscles in your body may become “floppy” and movement can become more painful, more difficult and also much slow. If muscles are moved or exercised more frequently they will remain firm and make moving much, much easier.
It is important to ensure that you move individuals in accordance with their care plan and the companies moving and handling guidelines to prevent causing injury. Muscles will only move the bones at the joint as far as the joint will allow. For example if you try to extend a client’s leg when they are suffering with contracture you are likely to cause a large amount of discomfort or even cause injury. Trying to extend a joint further than their capability will also cause this also. The nerve fibres will run all over the body send impulses to muscles which will in turn enable them to contract and relax and these fibres are very delicate. Poor moving and handling techniques can cause serious damage to these very delicate fibres. Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement & positioning of an individual There are many underlying conditions which can affect the moving and handling of an individual. Here are a few examples. Parkinson’s disease can cause a sufferer to experience limb rigidity that will most likely affect their normal movement and positioning. When assessing an individual to sit or lie in a comfortable position it is imperative that you do not force the rigid limb to move beyond its capability as you may cause damage or unnecessary discomfort to the individual. It is important to give a person who is suffering from Parkinson’s the time and initiate movement and not to rush them as people suffering from Parkinson’s will usually have a slower reaction time. When moving and handling an individual who is unable to verbally communicate you should remember to look for signs of non-verbal signs of pain. Strokes have a very detrimental effect on the body and can cause temporary or long term weakness down one side of the body. When moving an individual who has suffered a stroke it is important to be aware of which parts of the body have been affected by the stroke and to what extent.
People who suffer from arthritis will often have very stiff painful joints and may also have very limited movement in the areas which have been affected. You should always take care when moving and handling an individual who is suffering from arthritis to reduce to possibility of causes pain, discomfort or even damage. You should not try to move an arthritis sufferers joints beyond their capabilities as you could cause potential long term damage.
Describe how current legislation & agreed ways of working affect working practices related to mov & positioning individuals Each time a carer supports or moves the weight of a client they are moving and handling and government statistics show that almost 50% of accidents reported are due to poor manual handling techniques. This is why the government have introduced legislation to protect both staff an client from injury. The HSAWA 1974 ensure that there is a legal requirement for employers to ensure that the health safety and welfare of their employees is maintained and to also ensure that employees understand that they have a duty to take reasonable care of the health, safety and welcome of themselves and others. The MHOR 1992 (amended 2002) was initiated on the 2st Jan 1993 and covers...
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