Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care Settings

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Unit 5: Principles of safeguarding and protectionin health and social care settings

1.1 & 1.2
Physical abuse is a deliberate use of physical force that results in bodily injury pain or impairments. Sgns of physical abuse can be burns and scalds, marks on the skin consistent with being slapped, scratched, bitten or pinched.Sexual abuse is direct or indirect involvementin sexual activity without valid consent. Signs of sexual abuse could be sexual transmitted disease,unexplained crying and distress or anxiety and fear of physical touch. Emotional/psycholoigical abuse is any action by another that damages an individuals mental wellbeing, signs of this is attention seeking behaviour,depression,low self-esteem and lack of self confidence. Financial abuse is theft or misuse of an individuals money or personal possessions to the advantage of another person, signs of this abuse could be no food in the house, missing money,chequebook, bank card, credit card or possessions. Institutional abuse this is the mistreatment or abuse of an individual by a regime or people within an institution, signs of this abuse could be rigid routines,lack of choice offered,culturaland religious needs not being met. Self neglect this is where and individual fails to adequetley care for themselves and meetb theirown basic needs. Signs of self neglect is neglecting personal hygiene, not eating, over eating, self harm. Neglect by others this is the deliberate or unintentional failure to meet an individuals basic needs for personal care, food, warmth, rest, medical care, social stimulation, cultural or religious needs. Signs of this is denial of access to health or social care, failure in the 'duty of care',witholding medication. 1.3 There are many factors that contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse. They may depend on physical, emotional, psychological or social support. If this support is either withdrawn or manipulated by an abuser, this will leave the individual more...
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