Principles in safeguarding and protection in health and social care 1.1 Define the following types of abuse. * Physical abuse. Physical abuse is causing pain injury or impairment to a venerable adult. * Sexual abuse. Rape and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the vulnerable adult has not consented, or could not consent or was pressured into consenting. * Emotional abuse. Threats of harm, controlling, intimidation verbal abuse, isolation or withdrawal from services or supportive networks. * Financial abuse. Includes theft, fraud exploitation, pressure in connection with wills, property or inheritance or financial transactions. * Institutional abuse. Mistreatment of a venerable adult brought about by poor or inadequate care or support by the care home. * Self-neglect. Failure of an adult to take care of themselves, which may lead to poor health or poor state of mind. * Neglect by others. may include the failure to provide sufficient supervision, nourishment, or medical care, or the failure to fulfil the venerable adults day to day needs.
1.2 Identify signs/symptoms associated with each type of abuse. * Physical, cuts bruises
* Sexual, pain, bruising genital discharge or uti’s
* Emotional bed wetting, lack of communication skills depression. * Financial abuse. Depression, lack of money, going without food because they can’t afford it. * Institutional. Not being changed or going to the toilet regular. Due to lack of staff or training within the care home. * Self-neglect. The service user may be dirty, may be underweight. * Neglect by others. Dehydration due to lack of fluids.
1.3 Define factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse. * Speech impairment
* Sight impairment
* Poor mobility.
2.1 explain the actions to take if there are suspicions that an individual is being abused. Document and report to the duty manager