Principles of diversity, equality and inclusion in adult social care settings
Understand the importance of diversity, equality and inclusion
What is Equality?
Equality is about making sure people are treated fairly and given fair chances. Equality is not about treating everyone in the same way, but it recognises that their needs are met in different ways. Equality focuses on those areas covered by the law, namely the key areas of race, gender, disability, religion or belief, sexual orientation, transgender and Age. People must not be unfairly discriminated against because of any of these factors and we must all contribute to creating a positive workplace and service delivery environment where discriminatory practices and discrimination no longer happen.
What is Diversity?
Diversity is about valuing individual difference. So 'diversity' is much more than just a new word for equality. A diversity approach aims to recognise, value and manage difference to enable all employees to contribute and realise their full potential. Diversity challenges us to recognise and value all sorts of differences in order to make our environment a better place for everyone to work.
Why are equality and diversity important?
Diversity is also about recognising that our customers come from different backgrounds. If we welcome diversity as colleagues, value each other and treat each other fairly, we will work better together. In doing so we will provide a better service to the people of Sefton. It will help our customers to approach us and use our services if we have a diverse workforce that feels comfortable with and understands their different needs. So diversity will also contribute to improving the services we provide.
What is social inclusion?
Positive action taken to include all sectors of society in planning and other decision-making by reducing inequalities between the least advantaged groups and communities and the rest of society by closing the opportunity gap and ensuring that support reaches those who need it most. The potential effects from discrimination can come in many factors: •
loss of self-esteem
feeling stressed or unable to cope
The long term effects could include:
loss of motivation
reduced individual rights
limited access to services
mental illness caused by stress
The importance of keeping a service user within the community is to keep them well and active as well as been accepted into the community. The service user has the right to be respected and treated as an individual to create their own social inclusion.
Understand how to work in an inclusive way.
As you know, discrimination is an injustice and has devastating effects. The UK has in place numerous pieces of legislation (laws),rules, regulations, guidance documents and statutory codes of practice, all of which are intended to promote diversity, ensure equality and end discrimination. In other words, they are in place to promote everyone’s right to fair and equal treatment, regardless of their differences. You may be familiar with the following anti-discriminatory Acts of Parliament and regulations:
The Human Rights Act 1998.
This covers many different types of discrimination, including some that are not covered by other discrimination laws. Rights under the Act can be used only against a public authority, for example, the police or a local council, and not a private company. However, court decisions on discrimination usually have to take into account what the Human Rights Act says.
Equal Pay Act 1970
(amended1984). This says that women must be paid
the same as men when they are doing the same (or broadly similar) work, work rated as equivalent under a job evaluation scheme, or work of equal value.
Sex Discrimination Act 1975
(amended 1986). This makes it unlawful to discriminate against men or women in employment, education, housing or...
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