The Primavera painted in 1482 by Sandro Botticelli in Uffizi, Florence Italy. The painting was produced during the Renaissance, and was clearly portraying a new theme in art. Prior to this period art was focused on religion and the church. It is tempting to suppose that the revival of classical mythology was the result of rediscovery of ancient texts but was rather based on medievial romances and poetry. The use of light and shadows, along with human anatomy shows the trend towards realism in art. Botticelli was one of the first to paint mythological scenes and was commissioned by the Medici family to create such a work. This refinement of art, this intimate analysis of form and thought, this love of sensual beauty, had appeared at the court of the Medici by the same causes that prompt us to seek them; they are the fruit of a society that has attained the highest degree of well-being, wealth and knowledge. In the painting it shows nine mythological figures in a meadow. Mercury stands in far left moving the winter clouds. The Three Graces dancing in a circle, portraying the female virtues of beauty, love and chastity. Venus the goddess of love and beauty standing in the middle presiding over the land, with Cupid shooting arrows up above. Flora the goddess of flowers and Chloris the nymph getting chased by Zephyr the god of wind. All these mythological beings and even the oranges growing in the orange grove, represent love and fertility.
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