Allegory: an expressive style that uses fictional characters and events to describe some subject by suggestive resemblances 1. Botticelli: One of the leading painters of the Florentine renaissance, developed a highly personal style. The Birth of Venus 2. Desiderius Erasmus: Dutch humanist scholar who studied early Christian as well as classical culture; criticized the Church. 3. Fresco: the art or technique of painting on a moist, plaster surface with colors ground up in water or a limewater mixture 4. Humanism: a variety of ethical theory and practice that emphasizes reason, scientific inquiry, and human fulfillment in the natural world and often rejects the importance of belief in God. 5. Johannes Gutenberg: a German blacksmith who introduced modern book printing 6. Leonardo Da Vinci: Italian Renaissance artist that painted The Last Supper and Mona Lisa, he was also an engineer, architect, sculptor, and scientist. 7. Linear Perspective: painting objects in depth on a flat surface 8. Michelangelo: Italian Renaissance artist that painted the Sistine Chapel ceiling and sculpted the statue of David 9. Miguel Cervantes: Spanish writer best remembered for 'Don Quixote' which satirizes chivalry and influenced the development of the novel form (1547-1616) 10. Niccolo Machiavelli: Italian humanist- one of the main founders of modern political science; write "The Prince" 11. Patron: someone who hired and paid an artist
12. Pieter Bruegel: captured scenes from peasant weddings, dances, harvests; painted proverbs that taught morals; portrayed large numbers of people; used vivid details and rich colors 13. Reason of State: a country's goals and ambitions based on national interest 14. Savonarola: A Dominican friar that predicted the French invasion of Florence from the paganism and the moral vice of the city 15. The Medici: aristocratic Italian family of powerful merchants and bankers who ruled Florence in the 15th century 16....
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