April 28, 2010
Renee' B. Walker, Ph.D.
Prejudice and Discrimination Article
South Africa was colonized by the English and the Dutch traders in the seventeenth century. The English dominated the Dutch descendents which was called Boers or Afrikaners. This allowed the Dutch to establish new colonies of Orange Free State and Transvaal. To their amazement, diamonds were discovered on the lands in the 1900's, and this is what contributed and caused the English invasion which led to the Boer War. "Following independence from England, the tension between the two groups continued until the 1940's. At this time the Afrikaner National Party was able to obtain the majority"(Factbook, 2010) .
Strategists in the National Party invented apartheid, which is as a means of racial segregation that involves economic, political and legal discrimination against people who are not White. The Afrikaner National Party used this to put a strong hold, and to gain full control over the economic and social systems. Nevertheless, the apartheid was trying to obtain as well as maintain white domination while extending racial separation. Furthermore, in the 1960's a plan was proposed and executed called the "Grand Apartheid'', it implemented territorial separation and police repression.
Race and ethnicity has a prominent position in our everyday lives. There is a clear differentiation between the two. According to studies, "Race is the framework of ranked categories dividing up the human population"(Cultural,2002). "Ethnicity is concept referring to a shared culture and way of life, especially as reflected in language, folkways, religious and other institutional forms, material culture such as clothing and food, and cultural products such as music, literature, and art"(Ethnicity,2000).
As of today, there is a large variety of people in South Africa, which is one of the most
diverse countries in the world. There are four racial groupings in which three are minorities,
there are 11 official languages, and a large gap between the rich and the poor, as well as large
growing communities of migrants and immigrants.
Currently, there are various cultures as well as races and ethnicities that exist within South Africa. According to the 2001 census, "There are 9.6% whites, 8.9%, coloreds, and 2.5% Indians and or Asians"(Factbook, 2009). Black Africans are taking on urban characteristics rapidly, and are becoming more familiar with the with the customs, and practices. Most Black Africans usually speak English or the Afrikaans language, as well as their native language. Their native languages consist of nine which includes the Bantu Language . The Bantu Language has been around since 1994. Other languages includes the Zulu, Ndebele, Xhosa and Sotho, and the Swazi. The Sotho languages consists of the Northern Sotho, Tswana, and the Sotho There is also the Venda language which originates from Zimbabwe.
Most urbanized black Africans speak several native languages, with Zulu being a primary language in Johannesburg and surrounding areas. The religion chosen by Black Africans are Christians, and they worship weekly. Blacks suffer greatly with discrimination and segregation today. For decades Black, and Coloreds have fought for equal rights in life on the land as well as politics. In the 1960's minorities began to fight against segregation(apartheid). Hence, in South Africa, the police commissioner has been linked murder and the mafia. This has induced the fight for power for the African National Congress..Not only is there power struggles among top officials, but because of this the numbers of HIV cases are rising. Segregation(apartheid), and political turmoil, and denial of the government is the culprit behind the rise in deaths of the disease as well.
The whites is another...