The Roman Republic (500BC to 100BC) was a balanced form of government, based on the rule of law and allowing each citizen to vote. Nobody was above the law. The power was not wholly given to any one person, but was divided, so that no one had absolute power. There were factors of democracy, monarchy and oliography. These three elements were well balanced; preventing tyranny, dictatorship and abuse of power and this is what helped Rome achieve great heights. The republican period began with the overthrow of the Monarchy in 509 BC and lasted until its subversion, through a series of civil wars, into the Roman Empire. In contrast to the Republic, the Empire was a system in which one man i.e. the emperor, had absolute power. Corruption and Tyranny became common and emperors ruled with cruelty and incompetency. Under the Empire, the power of Rome began to decline and slowly came to the point of collapse. The fact that the Empire held together for another hundred and fifty years was largely due to a series of strong soldier-emperors such as Marcus Aurelius. But they were still not able to take Rome back to what it once was and as soon as weak emperors such as Commodius took power, Rome entered its final decline and loss of glory. The empire was brought about largely by Julius Caesar.
The arts were an important part of the ancient Roman Civilization. A lot of Roman Art was highly influenced from Greek Art, yet the Romans had a distinctive style and developed important new techniques in the areas of theater, sculpture, poetry, painting and architecture, among others. ROMAN PORTRAIT SCULPTURE
Roman Sculpture mainly includes portraiture, historical relief, funerary reliefs, sarcophagi, and copies of ancient Greek works. The Romans gave a lot of importance and value to the family lineage and ancestry and therefore, made portrait sculptures for their ancestors to keep their lineage alive and to show case...