HUMA215-1204A-20: Topics in Cultural Studies
Jasmin I. Caddel
American InterContinental University
August 26, 2012
Greek & Roman Cultures
| Greece| Rome|
Geographical Terrain| Mediterranean, hilly country sides, near water, has many islands, Further south located than the Romans; The Greek did not have an empire and none of the cities were able to become dominant over the others| Mediterranean, just a few coastlines, mountain sides; Further north located from Greece; Mostly populated the Italian peninsula| Economy| Worked slaves; Coinage used as currency;| Worked slaves; Coinage used as currency| Trade Practices| Based on agriculture & sea salt as their main trade; Greece also traded into the distance; Mine work| Trades were also based on agricultures; Trades were placed with other, more local cities; Exports of wine & oil was a big practice as well; Mine work; | Government| City-state focused democracy in Athena; Sparta showed limited monarchy; These city states also focused on expanding at the expense of their neighbors and accumulating lesser allies by forming leagues of city states to help in that endeavor; Kings also ruled in Athena| Republican government system; Power was split within several individuals; System was based on a Senate; 3 Assemblies, and an appointed Executive Magistrate; Surrounding cities of Rome had to warfare and admit the primacy of Rome and had to serve the city whenever needed; Before the republican government came into place, kings were ruling q1| Art & Architecture| Art was superior to Roman art; Artists tried to achieve an ideal artistic form; Renaissance; Most of arts and architecture were built for religious purposes | Artists were about creating realistic portraits for decoration; Architecture was mainly built for religious purposes; Statues of great personages were the main focus of art| Philosophy & Religion| Philosophy & religion formed the...