The study of population growth is very important in a country from the point of society of a country because human being constitute not only as an instrument of production but also end themselves. Its increase is largely depend on some demographic factor like marriage, birth, death, migration etc. It is important to know the quantitative number of people and the growth of particular time with its effect on society negatively and positively for future guidance. Objectives
1) To study the rate at which population of India has been growing. 2) To co-relate absolute number of population growth and Indian society. 3) To know how population growth create social problem in India. Population Growth In India
India has an area of 32,87,263 sq.km having a population of 1.2 billion in 2011 census. She is the second most populous country and rank 7th in term of size. To know the number and growth of population census is conducted every ten years. The first census of India appeared in 1972 but the census did not cover the whole area. The first complete and synchronous census covering the entire country to provide vital information was conducted in 1881. After this year census has been carrying out till 2011. The 2011 census represents the fifteen census of India as reckoned from 1872.
India witnesses positive growth since the beginning of census except 1921 census. The year 1921 census registered a negative growth of -0.31 percent which happened only once throughout the demographic history of India. The high mortality during this period was due to epidemic of influenza, plague, small pox, etc. In addition to this, World War-I was also responsible for the negative growth of population because it took the lives of thousands of Indian soldiers. This period is also called ‘the demographic divide’ in Indian history.
Trend of growth of Population with Birth Rate and Death Rate...