In the first part of this assessment I will describe the information provided on the chrorpleth map and a graph by the General Register Office of Scotland to help define the change in population in Scotland also the change in the age structure in Scotland between the years 2000 and 2010. Using figure 1 the chronopleth map I will define some of the main patterns and variations of population change which can be seen on the map. Figure 2 will be used to describe the variations in the changing age structure from 2000-2010.
Figure 1 shows a clear distinction in population change from 2000-2010. In places like the Highlands, Orkney Islands, Stirling, Fife, and the Scottish boarders the map shows that the population change is 4% to less than 8%. Aberdeenshire, Perth & Kinross, Edinburgh city, west & East Lothian have the biggest population change at 8% over 10 years. Aberdeen city, Moray, Shetland, Midlothian, Glasgow and the surrounding areas along with Dumfries & Galloway show a change in population at 0% to less than 4%. Leaving the smallest population change in Dundee the West Coast and the Western Isles at less than 0% of a population change. This information also shows that out of Scotland’s 4 biggest cities 3 of them are showing a population change of less than 4%. The map shows that there is a higher population change in the highlands and the north east compared to the west coast this could be seen as positive growth because of the opportunities given by Aberdeen based oil companies and easy access to the offshore industry may have caused the population increase of over 8% over 10 years in these areas.
Figure 2 shows the changing age structure of Scotland’s population between 2000 and 2010, It shows that the age group 0-15 years shows a decrease in population of 7.4% because in 2000 there was a population of 984,763 people compared to 2010 when there was only 911,794 people in this age group. Age group 16-29 shows an increase of 8.5% going from 829,149 to 975,384 people. Ages 30-44 shows a decrease of almost 11% starting with 1161,095 people in 2000 and dropping to 1035,794 people this is the biggest decrease shown on the graph. Age group 45-59 has one of the biggest population increase as it goes up by almost 12% going from 962,212 people in 2000 to 1092,147 people on 2010. Group 60-74 also shows an increase in age population by 11.6% going from 708,448 to 801,346 people in 2010. 75’s and over has the biggest increase in population going from 354,273 to 405,635 giving it almost a 13% increase. The graph shows that the 3 groups with the highest rise in population are the older aged groups at 45 and over. It is clear from looking at the graph that people are living longer in Scotland. Figures for 1980 give life expectancy of 69 and 75 years for men and women respectively for 2008 the figures now stand at 75.3 and 80.0 years respectively (Scottish Government, 2010) Taking all of the age groups in to account it shows that there has been an overall increase in population by over 3% since 2000.
Word count 556
Examine the argument that the rural- urban divide is overstated.
The second part of the assessment i will be attempting to examine the argument that the rural-urban divide is overstated, i will take in to account the drug fear for youngsters in rural areas mainly by using the article on drug use in Dumfries and Galloway. I will be looking at how identities of places are constructed and reconstructed. I will also try to identify the ways in which the rural is connected and how it relates to the urban.
Urbanisation first occurred in more economically developed countries during the industrial revolution. People were attracted to urban areas (pulled) from rural areas to work in factories. They were also pushed as developments in technology led to mechanisation on farms. (internet...