Politics is the study of man and the society or the study of man in the society. Also the the power relationship that exists in the any social relationship. In general everything to do with life e.g. Religion, behavior, interaction, or anything that has something to do with power. Some will say that politics is all about putting things together. (Dr Alieu B.STaal.) lectures note for the second semester 2012) SOCRATES
Socrates felt today in the use of the scientific method, in which hypothesis is the first stage. The development and practice of this method is one of Socrates' most enduring contributions, and is a key factor in earning his mantle as the father of political philosophy, ethics or moral philosophy, and as a figurehead of all the central themes in Western philosophy. Socrates most important contribution to Western thought is his dialectic method of inquiry, known as the Socratic Method of which he largely applied to the examination of key moral concepts such as the Good and Justice. It was first described by Plato in the Socratic Dialogues. To solve a problem, it would be broken down into a series of questions, the answers to which gradually distill the answer a person would seek. The influence of this approach is most strongly (hppt://www.wikipedia)
A series of questions are posed to help a person or group to determine their underlying beliefs and the extent of their knowledge. The Socratic method is a negative method of hypothesis elimination, in that better hypotheses are found by steadily identifying and eliminating those that lead to contradictions. It was designed to force one to examine one's own beliefs and the validity of such beliefs. In fact, Socrates once said, "I know you won't believe me, but the highest form of Human Excellence is to question one self and others. While some of the later contributions of Socrates to Hellenistic Era culture and philosophy as well as the Roman Era have been lost to time, his teachings began resurgence in both medieval Europe and the Islamic Middle East alongside those of Aristotle and Stoicism. hppt://www.wikipedia.org
Socrates proposes that the ideal is for philosophers to be kings, and until the political leaders become wise the human race will have no rest from evils. The correct use of knowledge, not mere belief or opinion which can err, is the sure guide in all action. The true philosopher loves truth and wisdom and the joys of the soul above all else; consequently he will be temperate, gentle, sociable, very intelligent, and harmonious. However, the name of philosophy has been corrupted by sophistry and the failure of society to recognize and make use of the true philosophers. The true philosopher is rare, because it is easy for one's philosophical nature to deteriorate, for many reasons. There are few from the beginning. One strong virtue may overshadow the others and prevent the development of a well-rounded character. Beauty, wealth, strength, rank, and other prizes of life may distract and corrupt. The finer and more subtle natures are often more susceptible to negative influences. The public opinion of the masses and the force of the crowd may sway them. They may even be tried or put to death. The only consolation for the philosopher is that he may come to good and be saved by the power of God. When the society is not receptive to the wisdom of the real philosopher, then he can only live his own life in goodwill, keeping himself pure from injustice. Unfortunately Socrates felt that there was no state in existence at that time capable of adapting to the philosopher king. Nevertheless Socrates must have believed that it was worthwhile to strive toward the ideal, and they must know what it is in order to do it. (hppt://www.wekipedia org.)
According to Plato the state arose because no individual could, on his own, satisfy all his needs. It was thus, in order to cooperate and provide for their various needs to established the state.plato insist...