Political Philosophy of the Constitution: Enhancing Electoral Competition

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From my own perspective I feel that the major ideas of the political philosophy of the

constitution are to mandate non-partisan redistricting for elections to enhance electoral

competition. For example: To reduce the role that legislative politics might play, five

states (Arizona, Hawaii, Idaho, New Jersey and Washington), carry out congressional

redistricting by an independent or bipartisan commission. Two states, Iowa and Maine,

give independent bodies authority to propose redistricting plans, but preserve the role of

legislatures to approve them. Seven states have only a single representative for the entire

state because of their low populations; these are Alaska, Delaware, Montana, North Dakota,

South Dakota, Vermont and Wyoming.

Redistricting is also necessary within school districts, where attendance zones have

grown (or occasionally shrunk) disproportionately to the occupancy capacity of each

public school in the system. This always occurs when a new school is built or one is

closed, but may also occur due to other shifts in population. These districts are necessary

not only to balance enrollment, but also to coordinate school bus routes. Separate maps

are usually kept for each level: elementary school, middle school, and high school, for

example. This is not an inherently political process, however parents can become very

upset when their children are moved from a school they like (or to one they don't), and

occasionally elected school boards have been forced to change plans after protests.

2nd Eliminate lifetime tenure for federal judges in favor of non-renewable 15 years term

for all federal judges. Judges and certain members of some senates or upper chambers

(senator for life) most commonly have life tenure. The primary goal of life tenure is to

insulate the officeholder from external pressures. And last a Political meeting which we know

as a constitutional convention is a gathering for the purpose of writing a new constitution or

revising an existing constitution. A general constitutional convention is called to create the

first constitution of a political unit or to entirely replace an existing constitution. An unlimited

constitutional convention is called to revise an existing constitution to the extent that it deems

to be proper, whereas a limited constitutional convention is restricted to revising only the areas

of the current constitution named in the convention's call, the legal mandate establishing the

convention. Constitutional conventions have also been used by constituent states of federations

such as the individual states of the United States to create, replace, or revise their own

Constitutions though several states have never held a national constitutional convention

for the purpose of proposing amendments, the 21st Amendment to the US Constitution was

ratified not by the state legislatures, but by state level conventions after it was passed by

Congress, as described as an alternate method of ratification in Article V of the US

Constitution. Furthermore, The systematic elaboration of the consequences for politics of

suggested resolutions of philosophical dilemmas (or of the intractability of those dilemmas).

The greatest works of political philosophy try to present those consequences in relation to

fundamental cosmological, ontological, and epistemological issues. They articulate a view of

human nature which links the cosmological with the political. On a less grand scale, political

philosophy explores the political implications of particular disputes, for example about the

nature of the self (see communitarianism; freedom; liberalism; and autonomy), or about the

notion of moral responsibility (see punishment). There is obviously a close connection between

political philosophy and moral philosophy, because both involve exploring the...
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