Police Brutality in America
The Police Department was established to control order and promote good conduct for the civilians in their community. Since the beginning, the police department has been scrutinizing for taking the law into their own hand to restore order. In most cases the individuals affected by brutality is the minorities. Even though the people are happy with the police present in their community, one incident can change the way the community feels towards the Police. Consequently, the higher the crime rate in your community, the likely hood you will suffer from police brutality. Studies have shown that police brutality is and will be a part of your community. In some cases, the officer or officers will be acquitted of the charges. That message is hard to take in when you are the community and the police should be on your side. There will be that one officer that cannot control his or hers emotions, and take the law into their own hands to solve the issue and most likely not get reprimanded for it.
In 1838 the Boston Police Department was the first police force in the United States. The General Court passed a bill stating they could enlist police officers. The structure of the force was modeled after the London Police Force. The first police force consisted of 260 officers and a chief. Each division had a captain and two lieutenants; sergeants were not appointed until 1857. In these early days, an officer on duty carried a six-foot pole, painted blue and white to protect himself, and a "police rattle" to call for assistance. Police communicated via a telegraph system that linked the central office and area police stations. (Wikipedia, 1)
The first known use of the word “Brutality” was used in New York City. In The New York Time, the word was used to describe a police officer using excessive force to beat a civilian. (Wikipedia, 1) The history of Police Brutality can go back to the earlier days of policing. Usually the individuals that were being assaulted were the poor labor workers. (Esheets, 3) The Great Railroad Strike of 1877, to the Pullman Strike of 1894, the Lawrence textile strike of 1912, the Ludlow massacre of 1914, the Steel strike of 1919, and the Hanapepe massacre of 1924, the police would brutally beat striking laborers. (Esheets, 3) Police brutality was a major issue those days, and yet today we are still fighting the same issue. Police brutality is an extremely disrupting problem in our society today.
National Statistics show that police misconduct and brutality are on the upbringing. The nation police misconduct statistics and reporting project did a report on police brutality cases that happened between April 2009 through June 2010. The number is astounding, 5,986 cases in a matter of a year were reported. (Dantes, 2) The number of Fatalities that were linked to police brutality or misconduct was 382. (Dantes, 2) On the same report since 2010, there have been 2541 reports of misconducts. Twenty three percent of the misconduct is excessive force, and the second at ten percent being sexual misconduct. (Dantes, 2) Not only does police brutality or misconduct make the department and the city look bad, you start to lose money. It’s reported that from April 2010 to June 2011, 347,455,000 million dollars have been spent in related settlements and judgments. (Dantes, 2) During an extensive US Department of Justice report in 1999 approximately 422,000 people 16 years old and older were estimated to have had contact with police in which force or the threat of force was used. (Esheets, 3) However, studies have shown that police brutality and misconduct goes unreported. (Esheets, 3) In a study conducted in 1982, the federal government established the “Police Studies Services” which 12,000 citizens were randomly selected to take the survey. Thirteen percent of those surveyed had been victims of police brutality the previous year. Yet only 30 percent of those who acknowledged such brutality...
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