Planning a Response

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Writing in Context provides you with the opportunity to explore a variety of writing styles. In approaching the task, you are to write in an expository, persuasive and imaginative style. Within each style of writing there is a wide range of forms. This page explains the three different styles and different forms of writing (each with explanatory links). Overview

Writing Style / Type| Purpose(s)| Audience(s)| Forms| Language Features| three types of writing| possible intended purposes| depends on purpose| possible forms which can apply to any type of writing| typical language features for purpose, audience and form| Expository| • to explain all sides of an argument or issue • to inform by examining both sides of an issue

• to provide a balanced discussion of different views
• to present the pros and cons so readers can make up their own minds| • varies according to purpose and form — can be for:

• children

• young adults

• adults

• special interest groups (limited appeal)

• mainstream audience (wide appeal)

• all newspaper readers

• all readers of a specific magazine| • research and/or investigative papers for feature articles for journals, newspapers or magazines • letters
• analytical essays for a specific journal
• reflective essays for a specific journal
• news reports
• biographies
• autobiographies
• personal letters
• speeches
• submissions
• scripts: film, play, radio| • the language must be appropriate for the intended audience (study how language is used (e.g. news reports, analytical essays, short stories, etc.). Specialised language such as that used in a scientific report may not be appropriate for young children or for most adults • the language and style adopted depends on the purpose and form (study how language is used in different types of texts (news reports, analytical essays, short stories, etc.) to meaningfully communicate ideas and engage with the intended audience• the stylistic features of the form must be adopted (look at and study the typical features of different forms by finding, for example, a feature article from a newspaper, an analytical essay from a journal, an interview from a magazine, a short story, a play script, etc.) All written texts have recognisable forms.| Persuasive| • to persuade the reader to agree

• to argue and convince that author's viewpoint is correct • to influence others to agree with viewpoint| | • newspaper editorials • letters to the editor
• opinion articles
• speeches
• submissions
• narratives such as short stories, fables
• scripts: film, play, radio
• monologues| |
Imaginative| • to entertain
• to amuse
• to shock
• to make reader think about ideas or issues in new and different ways • to provoke
• to move readers emotionally
• to stimulate thoughts and feelings| | • short stories • scripts: radio, film and play
• interviews
• exchange of letters
• diary entries
• journal entries
• poetry
• monologues
• dialogue
• fables| |
Persuasive texts
* Sets out to argue and prove a case
* Aims to convince targeted audience of the validity of a viewpoint on an issue by presenting logical argument * Presents ideas that follow in logical progression
* Anticipates and answers possible objections or opposing arguments * Presents well researched evidence to support the case
* Provides facts from reputable authorities and research to prove, or disapprove, a position * Written with precision and authority
The most common forms of persuasive texts include:
essays, editorials, letters to the editor, opinion articles, feature articles, interviews, speeches, submissions

Expository texts
* The intention is to explain, describe or interpret a situation, issue or event. * It explains, it does not present an argument
* Considers all aspects of an issue without taking a side or setting out to prove a case * For example if you wrote an expository account of...
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