1. Briefly describe some key events in the history of project management. What role does the Project Management Institute and other professional societies play in helping the profession?
▪ Manhattan Project which the U.S. military led to develop the atomic bomb. Costs almost $2 billion in 1946.
▪ New Los Alamos laboratory 1946,project management was recognized as a distinct discipline requiring people with special skills and the desire to lead project teams.
▪ 1917, Henry Gantt developed the famous Gantt Chart as a tool for scheduling work in factories.
The profession of project management is growing at very rapid pace. Although people have worked on projects for centuries, most agree that the modern concept of project management began with the Manhattan Project, which is the U.S military led to develop the atomic bomb in World War II. the Manhattan project involved many people with different skills at several different locations. it also clearly separated the overall management og the project’s mission, schedule and budget General Leslie R.Grovesand technical management of the project under the lead scientist, Dr. Robert Oppenheimer.
Many professional societies suffer from declining membership, the project management Institute (PMI), an international professional society for project managers founded in 1069, has continued to attract and retain member. PMI has created specific interest groups (SIGs) that enable members to share ideas about project management in their particular application areas, such as information syatem.professional certification is an important factor in recognizing and ensuring quality in profession. PMI provides certificatin as a Project Management Professional ( PMP) some one who has documented sufficient project experience and education, agree to follow the PMI code of professional conduct and demonstrated knowledge of the field of project management by passing a comprehensive examination.
2. What is project management? Briefly describe the project management framework, providing examples of stakeholders, knowledge areas, tools and technique and project success factors.
Project management is “the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements.”
Stakeholders are the people involved in or affected by project activities and include the project sponsor, project team, support staff, customers, users, suppliers and even opponents of the project. these stakeholders often have very diffrent needs and expectations. for example, building a new house is awell-known example of a project.
Project management knowledge areas describe the key competencies that project managers must develop. The four knowledge areas of project management include project scope, time, cost and quality management. These are core knowledge areas because they lead to specific project objectives.
▪ project scope management involves defining and managing all the work required to complete the project successfully.
▪ project time management includes estimating how long it will take to complete the work, developing an acceptable poject schedule and easuring timely completion of the project.
▪ project cost management consists preparing and managing the budget for the project.
▪ project quality management ensure that the project will satisfy the states or implied needs for which it was undertaken.
Project Management tools and technique assist project managers and their teams in carrying out work in all nine knowledge areas. for example, some popular time management tools and techniques include Grantt charts, project network diagrams and critical path analysis....