The second theory I am going to investigate is Jean Piaget’s cognitive theory. Jean Piaget (1896 -1980) was the first psychologist to make a systematic of cognitive development, his theory of cognitive child development assistance “us” in understanding children of cognitive development. Piaget believed that babies are born with reflexes (innate schemas). For example, when the babies are born, they have a sucking reflex, they will suck a nipple, dummy or a finger. Similarly the grasping reflex, for example, if you put something in the baby's hand, they will grasp it. Piaget emphasized the importance of schemata (schema) in cognitive development. Schemata are the patterns of behaviour, involved both the mental and physical actions in understanding, which we use to guide and direct us. He described that schema are adapted through assimilation and accommodation. Assimilation- The process of incorporating new information into a pre-existing schema. Accommodation- This happens when the existing schema (knowledge) does not work, and needs to be changed to deal with a new object or situation, therefore, the child would adapt current knowledge structures in response to new experience. http://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html
The example how schema adapting through assimilation and accommodation: If a child only saw a picture of small dogs (sole experience), a child might believe that all dogs are small, furry, and have four legs. When the child saw a new dog in the park– perhaps a golden retriever, it will change to incorporate the new information, such as “big, golden, smooth coat etc.” (The child takes in the new information and tries to fit it to an existing schema, know as assimilation.) When the child goes to the park next time, he saw a cat, he might say, “look, a dog!” however, when his parents told him that it’s actually a cat, not a dog. The child will accommodate the new information into another schema; he will now form a “cat”...
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