Philippines' Anti-Poverty Program Through Peoples' Participation

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PHILIPPINES ANTI-POVERTY PROGRAM
THROUGH PARTICIPATORY PLANNING

Submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School
University of St. La Salle
Bacolod City

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements In:
Rural Development Management
Professor: Dr. Enrique Paderes, PhD.

Greg C. Villanueva
2010

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page No.
Title Page …………………………………………………………………….... Table of Contents……………………………………………………………… 1 List of Figures………………………………………………………………… 2 PART I
A. BACKGROUND OF THE PHILIPPINES’ PREVIOUS AND
CURRENT PHILIPPINE ANTI-POVERTY PROGRAMS……. 3 B. ANALYSIS OF THE CURRENT PHILIPPINES ANTI-
POVERTY PROGRAM……….………………………………….. 12 C. CURRENT INTERVENTIONS MADE BY THE PHILIPPINE
GOVERNMENT ON POVERTY ……………………………… 18 PART II
A. PROPOSED ANTI-POVERTY STRATEGY FOR THE
PHILIPPINES…………………………………………………. 22 B. OBJECTIVES OF THE PROPOSED STRATEGY ………….. 30 C. RECOMMENDATIONS.…………………. …………………. 42 References………………………………………………………………… 43

List of Figures
Figure No. 1 – Schematic Diagram of Philippines’ Anti – Poverty Program Through People’s Participation

PART I

A. BACKGROUND OF THE PHILIPPINES’ PREVIOUS AND CURRENT
ANTI-POVERTY PROGRAMS

Previous Anti-Poverty Programs

Since the 1980s, the Philippines’ Anti-Poverty situation remained a major problem in the Philippines. In the year 2000, the National Anti-Poverty Action Agenda (NAAA) was launched that sought to provide direction and focus to its anti-poverty programs. The NAAA was a product of multi-sectoral consultations inspired by the new thinking: that the poor, as stakeholders, ought to be “active participants” in the process of uplifting the quality of their life. As written in by Manalili (1990 p64) in his book: “Participatory Peoject Development and Management,” preparing feasibility studies for development projects is usually done without people’s significant involvement. The Philippines’ Anti-Poverty Program Through People’s Involvement or Active Participation is shown in Figure No. 1 - Schematic Diagram in the next page:

Schematic Diagram

[pic]
Independent Variables Intervening Variables Dependent Variables

Figure 1. The Schematic Diagram shows the Independent Variables composed of Sectors of the People of the Philippines. The Intervening Variables presents the relevance of the Multi-sectoral Participation by showing the Steps and Activities that are needed to be undertaken before a Philippines Anti-Poverty Programs for various sectors can be approved and implemented.

Even the Asian Development Bank, the United Nations Development Program and the World Bank adapted people’s participation as part of the consultative process. These institutions have also provided significant assistance by way of providing technical and financial support and advocacies through its development programs in poverty alleviation. The Philippine Government through the National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC) continued to improve its anti-poverty strategy based on the broad vision set out in the NAAA and subsequent policy statements on poverty reduction and social reform. Dubbed as Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan (or Linking Arms Against Poverty), the strategy was an integral part of the updated Medium-Term Philippine Development Plan (MTPDP) for 2001-2004 that was implemented by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA). Rural-urban disparities persisted and while poverty remains largely rural, continuous rural-to-urban migration in search of employment opportunities has severely strained the ability of urban centers to provide basic services. Progress in poverty reduction has been uneven across regions, hampered by the incomplete decentralization agenda. This has resulted in stagnant or...
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