Philippine Literature

Topics: Philippines, Literature, Colonialism Pages: 5 (1237 words) Published: November 12, 2012
-------------------------------------------------
A Brief History of Philippine Literature in English

I.                    Pre-Colonial Period

-          Consisted of early Filipino literature passed down orally; oral pieces have a communal authorship – it was difficult to trace the original author of the piece since oral literature did not focus on ownership or copyright, rather on the act of storytelling itself;

-          Many oral pieces became lost in the wave of the new literary influence brought about by the Spanish colonization; however, according to the Philippine Literature: A History & Anthology, English Edition (Lumbera, B. & Lumbera C.), the pre-colonial period of Philippine literature is considered the longest in the country’s history;

-          Literature in this period is based on tradition, reflecting daily life activities such as housework, farming, fishing, hunting, and taking care of the children as well;

-          Oral pieces told stories which explained heroes and their adventures; they attempted to explain certain natural phenomena, and, at the same time, served as entertainment purposes;

-          Pre-colonial literature showed certain elements that linked the Filipino culture to other Southeast Asian countries (e.g. oral pieces which were performed through a tribal dance have certain similarities to the Malay dance);

-          This period in Philippine literature history represented the ethos of the people before the arrival of a huge cultural influence – literature as a cultural tradition, than a form of art that had a particular set of decorum.

·         Early Forms of Philippine Literature:

                    o   Bugtong (riddles; a bugtong contains a metaphor called,Talinghaga), Salawikain (proverb);                      o   Pre-colonial poetry – Tanaga (expresses a view or a value of the world), Ambahan (songs about childhood, human relationships, hospitality; sung by the Mangyan), Duplo (verbal jousts/games), Bayok (thoughts about love), Balagtasan (performed on stage);                     o   Epic poetry – romantic heroes and heroines that are a reflection of the world as perceived by the early Filipinos.      

·         Notable Works of the Pre-colonial Period:                     o      Tuwaang, Lam-ang, Hinilawod, Bantugan

II.                    Spanish Colonial Period (Mid-16th – late 19th century)

-          The Spanish culture, as reflected in the works of this literature period, showed a clash with the pre-colonial Filipino literature in the beginning. However, due to the length of stay of the colonizers, the Spanish culture was eventually imbued in the Filipino literature of the period;

-          Religion became an important theme that had influenced the early Filipino writings which had the presence of paganism – “Christian Folk-Tale”;

-          In addition, the influence of religion, besides on the daily life of the natives, was lead by the friar/missionary/parish priest who were appointed by the Spanish government; 

-          Despite the goal of the Spanish government to turn the country into a full-fledged European colony, the Spanish influence ironically inspired a reformation from the natives, which eventually turned into a revolution;

-          Yet regardless of the conflicts that plagued the relationship between the Spaniards and the Filipinos, a sense of nationalism was formed among the oppressed, and had caused them to rise up to a nationalistic cause;

-          The essay genre was recognized amidst the scene of editorial protest – Jose Rizal and Plaridel (Marcelo H. Del Pilar) were among those who opt in using the pen in voicing out the people’s cry instead of the sword;

-          Introduction of the roman alphabet that gradually replaced the ‘alibata’;

-          The Filipino literature of this period became the predecessor of many more literary works to come in the ages, wherein the theme of...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Philippine Literature Essay
  • Development of Philippine Literature Essay
  • Literature: Philippine Drama Philippine Essay
  • Essay about Philippine Literature
  • Philippine Literature Research Paper
  • Essay about A Touch of Philippine Literature.. Baby Thesis, Chapter One
  • Essay about Philippine Lit.2
  • Essay about Philippine Literature

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free