Further information: Ancient Philippine scripts and Baybayin In pre-Spanish times, education was still decentralized. Children were provided more vocational training but less academics in their houses by their parents and in the houses of their tribal tutors. They were using a unique system of writing known as the baybayin. When the Spanish arrived in Manila, they were surprised to find a population with a literacy rate higher than the literacy rate ofMadrid. Spanish period
Main article: Education in the Philippines during Spanish rule During the early Spanish period most education was carried out by the religious orders. The friars, recognizing the value of a literate indigenous population, built printing presses to produce material in baybayin. Many missionaries learnt the local languages and the baybayin to communicate better with the locals and teach them the Christian faith. The church and the school both worked together. All Christian villages had schools and students to attend. The Spanish missionaries established schools immediately after reaching the islands. The Augustinians opened a school in Cebu in 1565. The Franciscans, in 1577, immediately took to the task of teaching improving literacy, aside from the teaching of new industrial and agricultural techniques. The Jesuits followed in 1581, also by the Dominicans in 1587, which they started a school in their first mission at Bataan. In 1590, the Universidad de San Ignacio was founded in Manila by the Jesuits, and after the suppression of the Jesuits was incorporated into the University of Santo Tomás, College of Medicine and Pharmacy. The first book printed in the Philippines dates back to 1590. It is a Chinese language version of the Doctrina Christiana or Christian Doctrine. A Spanish and Tagalog version, in both Latin scriptand the locally used baybayin script, was printed in 1593. In 1610, Tomas Pinpin, a Filipino printer, writer and publisher, who is sometimes referred as the "Patriarch of Filipino Printing", wrote his famous Librong Pagaaralan nang manga Tagalog nang Uicang Castilla, which was meant to help Filipinos learn the Spanish language. The prologue read: “Let us therefore study, my countrymen, for although the art of learning is somewhat difficult, yet if we are persevering, we shall soon improve our knowledge. Other Tagalogs like us did not take a year to learn the Spanish language when using my book. This good result has given me satisfaction and encouraged me to print my work, so that all may derive some profit from it. ”
In 1640, the Universidad de San Felipe de Austria was established in Manila. It was the first public university in the Philippines. On April 28, 1611, the University of Santo Tomás was founded inManila as...