Elementary and high school education is compulsory, and is administered nationally by the Department of Education, along with the assurance of funding for school services and equipments, recruitment of teachers for all public schools, and the supervising and organization of theeducation curricula.
Based on the current education system of the Philippines, students should enter elementary schools at the age of 6 or 7, and for a duration of 6 years. Then, at the age of 12 or 13, students then enter high schools for a duration 4 years, with a total of 10 years of compulsory education.
However, recently, the Department of Education proposed the K-12 education system, along with the new curriculum for all students (see its section below).
All public and private elementary schools, high schools and colleges and universities in the Philippines start classes from early-June to mid-June and end from mid-March to early-April.
Further information: Ancient Philippine scripts and Baybayin
In pre-Spanish times, education was still decentralized. Children were provided more vocational training but less academics in their houses by their parents and in the houses of their tribal tutors. They were using a unique system of writing known as the baybayin. When the Spanish arrived in Manila, they were surprised to find a population with a literacy rate higher than the literacy rate ofMadrid.
Main article: Education in the Philippines during Spanish rule
During the early Spanish period most education was carried out by the religious orders. The friars, recognizing the value of a literate indigenous population, built printing presses to produce material in baybayin.... [continues]
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