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An Appraisal of Common Types of Waste. For Suggesting Measures for their Elimination

BY
NAILA GHANI
Roll no. 16
SESSION 2010-2012

INSTITUTE OF QUALITY AND TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT
UNIVERSITY OF THE PUNJAB
LAHORE, PAKISTAN

An Appraisal of Common Types of Waste.For Suggesting Measures for their Elimination.

SUBMITTED TO
THE UNIVERSITY OF THE PUNJAB
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR
THE DEGREE
OF
M.Sc. (QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT)

BY
NAILA GHANI
Roll No. 16
SESSION 2010-2012

INSTITUTE OF QUALITY AND TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT
UNIVERSITY OF THE PUNJAB
LAHORE, PAKISTAN

Approval Certificate

This thesis by Miss NailaGhani, Roll no. 16 (Session 2010-2012) on the topic of“An Appraisal of common types of waste. For suggesting measures for their elimination”is hereby submitted for approval in partial fulfillment ofthe requirements for the degree of M.Sc. (Quality and Performance Management).

Supervisor
Engr. Col. (Retd.) Fazal Ur Rehman Malik
Senior Faculty Member, Institute of Quality and Technology Management, University of the Punjab, Lahore

DEDICATED TO
My parents who are always in my heart and soul. Their unconditional love and support enabled me to come this far in my education.

Acknowledgements

I have to thank so many. First of all, I bow my head in gratitude to Almighty Allah for blessing me the power, vision, proficiency and strength persistence with the capability to complete this endeavor and realize my thesis objectives. My most sincere acknowledgments are dedicated to my thesis supervisor, Engr. Col. (Retd.) Fazal Ur Rehman Malik for his help throughout the preparation of this thesis, his ideas and comments regarding the structuring as well as the subject of my work were very helpful. He constantly verified if I was on the right track and supported me in my strong wish to conduct this thesis. I would like to specially thank my family; my parents for supporting me to successfully complete my master’s program; my brother and sisters for their continuous support along the way. My special gratitude to the employees of Azgard 9 for the time they devoted to answer all my questions. Special thanks to Mr. Rizwan (Department Manager of cutting ) and Mr.RiazChishte (Manager of stitching department) for being so cooperative in providing me the data required to conduct this thesis. I want to thank my teachers and all the members of Institute of Quality and Technology Management for their help and cooperation throughout my master’s program.

Table of Contents
Approval Certificateiii
Dedicationiv
Acknowledgementsv
Table of Contentsvi
List of Tablesvii
List of FiguresVIi
AbstractIX
1Introduction1
1.1Research Objectives2
1.2Purpose of research2
2Literature Review3
2.1 introduction to waste and waste management in production operation3 2.2 \types of wastes4
2.2.1 Over Production5
2.2.2 Wating5
2.2.3 unneccersary transport5
2.2.4 Over processing5
2.2.5 Unnecessary processing5
2.2.6 .DEFECTS5
2.2.7 UNUSED EMPLOYEES CREATIVITY5
2.3 IMPACT OF WASTE6
2.3.1Quality6
2.3.2Productivity6
2.3.3ORGANIZATION7
2.3.4 Customer Satisfaction7
2.3.5Delivery8
2.3.6Customer Retention8
2.3.7Market Share8
2.3.8 EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE8
2.3.9 SPEED OF SERVICE9
2.3.10 WASTE OF TIME9
2.3.11 WASTE OF MATERIAL9
2.3.12 RESPONSIBILITY REGARDING WASTE9
2.3.13 INCORRECT PROCEDURES10
2.3.14 MANAGEMENT COMMITMENT10
2.3.15INVOLVEMENT OF EMPLOYEES10
2.4 WASTE ELIMINATION PLAN10
2.4.1 IDENFIY THE WASTE10
2.4.2 SOURCES OF WASTE10
2.4.3 ANALYZE THE WASTE11
2.4.4 ELIMINATED TARGETED WASTE12
2.4.5 MEASURES RESULTS12
2.5 HISTORY OF LEAN MANUFACTURING12
2.6 WHAT IS LEAN MANUFACTURING13
2.7 WHAT FIVE PRONCIPLES OF LEAN MANUFACTURING15
2.8 LEAN MANUFACTURING GOALS16
2.9 OVERALL IMPACT OFLEAN...
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