Persuasion, Indoctrination, and Inoculation

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Persuasion, Indoctrination, and Inoculation
Sarah K. Martinez
PSY 285
Instructor: Chris Shreve

There are many dangers that plague us in today’s society. One of the most pressing issues is that of driving under the influence of alcohol. This is a problem for many reasons. Firstly, driving while intoxicated is illegal. It shows the rising problem of substance abuse, and most importantly, driving drunk is deadly. According to "" (2008-2013), "900,000 are arrested each year for DUI/DWI and a full 1/3 of those are repeat offenders”.

None of us are perfect. We all do things every day that we should not do, but why would someone want to do something that they know would place them in a jail cell? There are many laws in the United States, but one that government officials stand strongly by is driving under the influence. Despite the seriousness of the offense, people still think that it is ok to get behind the wheel of a car, despite how many drinks they may have had. It does not matter if your final destination for the evening is literally just around the corner. Plenty of motor vehicle accidents happen close to home. “Because laws differ from state to state, there is no consistent punishment for a DUI conviction. Instead, the sentence depends on whether or not the suspect pleaded guilty, BAC at the time of arrest, whether he or she is a first-time offender, if anyone was injured or property was damaged, additional charges, and if other drugs were also involved. For first time offenders, punishment can include some combination of a fine, jail time, tickets, probation, community service and a suspended driver’s license. Repeat offenders are more likely to lose their license, go to jail, have ignition interlocks placed on their car and be ordered to attend alcohol counseling. In some states, drunk drivers who are under 21 will have their driver’s licenses PERSUASION, INDOCTRINATION, AND INOCULATION 3

automatically suspended for six months to a year. If you are convicted of DUI, it may be on your criminal record for your entire life. Offenses also go on your driving record, which potential employers and insurers can access,” ("How Stuff Works", 1998-2013).

If you are driving under the influence of alcohol, the chances of you having a substance abuse problem are very high. Substance abuse, simply put, is losing control of yourself to a substance. If you do not have enough self-control, or common sense, not to get into a vehicle when you have any type of foreign substance in your body, then you have a serious problem. Sure, you may not be waking up at eight in the morning and devouring a bottle of gin, but you are not only putting yourself in danger, but also others. With the amount of people in the United states that have problems with alcohol, and the amount of DUI’s that are given, the correlation between the numbers is not at all surprising. “Alcohol is the number one drug problem in America. There are more than 12 million alcoholics in the U.S. Three-fourths of all adults drink alcohol, and 6% of them are alcoholics. Americans spend $197 million each day on alcohol. In the United States, a person is killed in an alcohol-related car accident every 30 minutes. A 2000 study found nearly 7 million persons age 12 to 20 were binge drinkers. Three-fourths of all high school seniors report being drunk at least once. Adolescents who begin drinking before the age of 15 are four times more likely to become alcoholics than their counterparts who do not begin drinking until the age of 21. People with a higher education are more likely to drink. Higher income people are more likely to drink”, ("Learn About Alcoholism", 2013).

It can be easily seen that alcohol has quite a reputation in society. It is frightening to see...
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